Dateline: Philadelphia, 1704. Many French Protestants sought refuge from France’s King Louis XIV’s persecution of them. This French cook was probably one of them, or was he a spy?
Dateline: Philadelphia, 1709. In 1701, the Council set up a small-scale ‘pony express’ in case the French land on American shores. In 1709 it happened. They didn’t ride a horse, but rowed a boat with the message. Why a boat?
Dateline: Philadelphia, 2 and 26 June 1701. A special emergency ‘pony express’ was set up in case the French, setting sail from Spanish West Indies, might attack the mid-Atlantic colonies. A French privateer did land in 1709.