From the Capetians to the Present Day

Hugh Capet is the namesake of the French Capetian dynasty, the longest lasting one in French history, with an unbroken line of kings, from 987 to 1328. His descendants have been traced, even in America. It may be difficult to believe, but the records are there.

There are several paths from the Capetians to the Plantagenets, but here is a main one.

GENEALOGICAL TABLES

The Capetians Descend from Charlemagne

The Kings before Hugh Capet had already ruled for over a century (Eudes can be anglicized to Odo).

Source for above table: Medieval France: An Encyclopedia.

In the above table, Isabel Angoulême, who married King John, a Plantagenet, is the granddaughter of Pierre or Peter, younger son of Louis VI (on the right).

Also, at the very top appears Robert II, the Pious. Here he is in the next table:

Source: W. L. Warren, Henry II.

In that table Robert the Pious is Robert II. He leads to the Capetians on the left, the dukes of Aquitaine and their famous descendant Eleanor in the middle, and the Normans on right. On the left are the Capetians. We descend from them from all of them.The above table also includes the Normans (William the Conqueror) to Henry II.

Michael Idomir Allen’s Table 8, which he put together for his translation of Pierre Riché’s the Carolingians, shows the connection between the Carolingians, Herbertines, and Robert (I) king of West Franks, a Robertian (Robertine):

Notice that Herbert I‘s daughter married Robert I. He is the grandfather of Hugh Capet, the Founder of the Capetians.

Let’s keep going. Allen’s Table 4, illustrating the Robertians to Robert II, a Capetian. Note Beatrix’s reappearance in this table (m. to Robert I):

Yes, the Capetians descend from Charlemagne. For the primary source evidence, click on Herbert I, Count of Vermandois, and scroll down to the Addendum.

Source: Stephen Church, Henry III: A Simple and God-Fearing King.

Here is a table of the Plantagenets:

Source: Dan Jones: The Plantagenets.

LINKS IN THE CHAIN TO THE PRESENT

Though the Capetians descend from Charlemagne, this post is begins with the namesake of the Capetians.

1. Hugh Capet

Born in about 938-40, Hugh was the son of Hugues (Hugh) the Great and his third wife Hedwig, daughter of Heinrich I, King of Germany and sister to Otto I the Great, Holy Roman Emperor. Hugh Capet is traditionally considered the founder of the third dynasty of French kings (Merovingians and Carolingians were the first and second ones before him). He got his name from chapet, a short cloak, or more likely from the word for monastic cape or cloak (chape or cappa), since the Robertines were lay-abbots.

Hugh married Adelaide of Poitou in the summer of 968, daughter of William, Count of Poitou, Duke of Aquitaine, by Adele, daughter of Rollo of Normandy. Rollo was the Viking great-great-great grandfather of William the Conqueror.

He was anointed on 1 June 987 by archbishop Adelbero of Reims at Noyon.

On 24 Oct 996, Hugh died on campaign near Tours, probably from smallpox, and was buried in front of the altar of the Trinity in the basilica of St. Denis. Adele died 15 June 1003-05.

They had children. Click on his link for more information.

2. Robert II, the Pious

Before 1 Apr 988 (date of a charter) he married an Italian princess, Rozala, widow of Arnulf, Count of Flanders and a Carolingian, daughter of King Berengar of Italy. Her name was changed to Suzanne when she arrived in France. She was thirty, and Robert was sixteen. It didn’t last. He called her his “old Italian.” He repudiated her (Richardson says divorced her) in 992. She died 13 Dec 1003 and was buried in the church of the abbey of St. Pierre-au-Mont-Blandin in Gand.

In late 996 or early 997, he married Bertha of Burgundy, his cousin. She was a recent widow of Eudes (Odo) Count of Blois and Chartres (he died 12 Mar 995/6) and daughter of Conrad I, the Pacifique or Peaceful, King of Burgundy, descendant of the Welfs, by Matilda (or Mahaut), daughter of Louis IV Outremer (from Overseas), King of France through the Carolingians. He and his mother fled to England. She had five children with Odo. She asked for protection from Fulk Nerra of Anjou. Archambaud, archbishop of Tours, performed the ceremony in the presence of several French bishops who accepted the match. Pope Gregory V condemned it, and Robert’s father Hugh Capet opposed it. A dispute with the papacy ensued.

Robert was already married to Suzanne, so his marriage to Bertha was bigamous, and he was too closely related to her. The pope excommunicated him and censured the bishops who attended the ceremony and the ones who encouraged it. Archambaud was deposed. He resisted because of his passion for her, until he repudiated her between 999-1001, for Robert wanted reconciliation and was pardoned because of his penitence and religious good deeds, and he confessed his faults. Bertha had no children with him (though French historian Ivan Gobry says they had Henri, the future king of France). By the year 1000 she was no longer treated as queen. Robert abandoned the marriage and sought a wife, probably to father an heir. Bertha died on 16 Jan after 1010.

After Sep 1001 and before 25 Aug 1003, Robert married Constance of Arles (Provence), daughter of William the Liberator and Adelaide of Arles (widow of Louis V). She was the granddaughter of Fulk the Good of Anjou. The church approved the marriage, but he did not give up on Bertha completely, which caused friction until he dismissed her from court after 1010. Before her dismissal, however, Robert tried to divorce Constance, going to Pope Sergius IV (r. 1009-1012) in Rome in 1010. His appeal was denied, and he accepted the marriage. Constance claimed she was visited at night by St. Savinian that she would be liberated. Robert returned and carried on their relationship. Constance believed this fulfilled the vision, for Robert loved his wife more.

Churchmen and chroniclers of the north knocked her for being from the south, for southerners were too worldly and of lax manners, living and sporting odd haircuts. One said, “Flippant and vain with strange manners and clothes … like actors in indecent hose and shoes … who jump rather than walk.” Another said that their women’s clothes “revealed to all their lovers whatever they had to offer.” Constance was reported to have shown little respect for religion. She was called “Constance the inconstant” in contrast to Robert’s stable character.

This union with Bertha shifted Robert’s interest to Blois, for she was a widow of the Count of Blois, but when he married Constance, his relations with Anjou improved, because she was a cousin of Fulk Nerra.

Constance produced six children. Click on the link, above for their names.

3. Henri I

Henri in French, Henry in English, he was the eldest surviving son of Robert II and Constance of Arles (Provence) and was born in 1008, before May 17. When his older brother Hugues (Hugh) was made joint-king or associate king in 1017, Henri was made Duke of Burgundy. After the death of his brother Hugh on 17 Sep 1023, Henri was crowned on 14 May 1027 over the objections of his mother who favored his younger brother Robert.

In the 1140s he was married to another Matilda, the niece of Emperor Heinrich III (r. 1039-56). They had one daughter. She died at Paris in 1044 and was buried in the church of the Abbey of Saint-Denis.

On 19 May 1051 Henri concluded another marriage contract with Anne (Agnes), born in 1036, daughter of the Russian Prince Jaroslav III of Kiev (r. 1019-54) and his second wife Ingrid or Ingegard, daughter of Olaf Skoetkonung, King of Sweden.  She brought gifts rather than lands, such as her Hyacinth, a gem later presented to Louis VI to St. Denis.

Henri became ill in 1060 and asked for a potion to prolong his life and was given a purgative. He suffered pain in the stomach and demanded water (his doctor wasn’t there) and drank it too soon. The purgative poisoned him. He thus died prematurely at Vitry-aux-Loges near Orléans on 4 Aug 1060 and was buried in the church of the Abbey of Saint-Denis.

His widow ruled as regent 1060-67 and in 1061 married a second time to Raoul II, Count of Crépy and Valois, who died at Péronne 8 Sept 1074.

Anne died 5 Sept 1075-89. Bradbury says she probably died in 1078, but noted that Philip made a gift for the rest of her soul in 1089.

4. Philip I

Born in 1053 before May 23 (so says Richardson) or in 1052 (so says Bradbury), Philip was just a boy of six to eight years when he became King of France. He was the son of Henry I (r. 1031-60) and Anne of Kiev.

Baudouin (Baldwin), Count of Flanders (r. 1035-67), Philip’s uncle by marriage, administered the royal government until Philip reached his majority in 1066 (the year William, duke of Normandy, conquered England and became the King of England). His name Philip is the first in the Capetian line, so he is called the First or I. He frequently referred to himself as King of the Franks and to his kingdom as the realm of the Franks.

Where does his name come from, since the Franks restricted family names? Historians recently have not reached a firm conclusion, but it probably comes from the apostle Philip who is said to have helped evangelize Russia. Philip’s mother Anne of Kiev probably suggested it. Further the Franks believed that they descended from the Trojans of Homer’s Iliad (see Philip’s obituary, at the link).

Philip was associated as king by his ailing father on 23 May 1059 and consecrated at Reims by Archbishop Gervase. As he grew older, he became obese, which one French historian attributed to a “malady” shared by several family members (more likely it came from eating like a king). Most modern historians have a low opinion of him, but Jim Bradbury sees some positives, such as his military expeditions to Flanders in 1071, Corbie in 1074, Poitou in 1076, Brittany in 1076, the Vexin against Normandy’s claim over many years, and many efforts against local lords and castellans (castle keepers).

As noted, Philip married first Bertha of Holland, daughter of Florenz (or Florent), Count of Holland and Westfriesland, by Gertrude, daughter of Berthold II, Duke of Saxony. She was born about 1058. They had two sons, Louis (soon to be VI) and Henri; and one daughter Constance, who married (1) Hugues (Hugh) I, Count of Vermandois and Champagne or Troyes and (2) Bohemond I, Duke of Calabria, Prince of Antioch.

After 1092 he abandoned his wife, Queen Bertha of Holland. Bertha died 30 July 1093.

On 15 May 1092 he married a second time to Bertrade of Montfort, the divorced and fourth wife of Foulques (Fulk), Count of Anjou. This was bigamy, and the church repeatedly excommunicated and eventually absolved him between 1094 and 1104. They had two sons: Philip, Count of Mantes, seigneur of Mehun sur Yevres; and Florus (Floire), seigneur of Nangis;

Bertrade and Philip had one daughter: Cecile (Cicely), wife of Tancred, Prince of Tiberiad, afterwards Prince of Antioch, etc.

His son Louis VI took more and more responsibility for rulership and for defending the Vexin (region between the French king’s domain and Normandy) against William II Rufus (the Red), son of William the Conqueror.  The crown acquired more territory with the purchase of the viscounty of Bourges in 1101.

Philip died 29 or 30 July 1108. One churchman wrote that the king suffered for his sins with “decaying teeth, scabies and many other infirmities and ignominies according to his deserts” (qtd. in Bradbury). He was buried in the Abbey of Saint-Benoit-sur-Loire (Fleury), not in St. Denis, much to the disapproval of Abbot Suger. Part of his obituary reads: “This king was of the family of great Priam.” (Priam was the old king of Troy in the ancient world and Homer Iliad).

His widow Bertrade died as a nun at Fontévrault (Maine-et-Loire) 14 Feb 1117 and was buried in the church of the Priory of Hautes Bruyéres (Maine-et-Loire).

For a timeline of his marital troubles, click on his link, above.

5. Louis VI and Alix or Adelaide of Savoy and Maurienne

He was nicknamed the Fat (for obvious reasons) and was born in Paris in the fall of 1081. He was contracted to Lucienne de Rochefort, but the unconsummated marriage was annulled  23 May 1107 on grounds of consanguinity. In March 1115 he married Alix or Adelaide of Savoy, daughter of Humbert III, Count of Savoy and Maurienne, Marquis in Italy by Gisela, daughter of William I, Count of Burgundy. She was born probably in 1092.

Their children were as follows: Louis (future Louis VII); Henri, Bishop of Beauvais, Archbishop of Reims; Robert, Count of Dreux and Braine, who married (1) Hawise of Salisbury and (2) Agnes of Baudement; Pierre, seigneur (lord) of Courtenay (see next); and Constance of France, born about 1122 (which disagrees with the Capetian Genealogical Table). Constance married (1) Eustache of England, heir apparent of King Stephen of England. He was born about 1131 and died 16 Aug 1153. They had no issue. She married (2) Raymond V, Count of Toulouse. They had three sons: Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse, Duke of Narbonne, Marquis of Provence; Aubrey; and Baudouin (Baldwin); and one daughter: Alix or Adelaide, wife of Roger, Vicomte (viscount) of Béziers. Constance died 16 Aug 1176. Raymond died at Nîmes, Gard, Dec 1194 and was buried at Notre Dame Cathedral in Nîmes.

Louis VI died at Chateau Béthizy near Paris 1 Aug 1137 and was buried in the Abbey of Saint Denis.

His widow, Alix of Savoy, married in 1138 Mathieu (Matthew) de Montmorency, seigneur of Montmorency, Attichy, Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, Marly, etc, Constable of France, son and heir of Bouchard de Montmorency, seigneur of Montmorency etc., by his first Agnes, daughter of Yves, Count of Beaumont-sur-Oise. They had no issue.

Queen Alix retired to Monmartre Abbey near the Abbey Church of Saint Pierre (Peter), Montmartre. The Dowager Queen of France died 18 Nov 1154 and was buried before the high altar in the Abbey Church of Saint Pierre.

6. Pierre or Peter and Elizabeth of Courtenay

He was born about 1125. He was by right of his wife seigneur of Courtenay, Montargis, Chateau-Renard, Champignelles (in part), Tanlay, Charny, and Chanteroq. He married Elizabeth or Isabel of Courtenay, daughter of Renaud de Courtenay, seigneur of Courtenay, Montargis, Chateau-Renard, Champignelles, etc., by ____, daughter of Ferri or Frederic of Bourges.

Peter and Elizabeth had five sons: Pierre, Count of Nevers, Auxerre, and Tonnerre, Emperor of Constantinople; Robert, seigneur of Champignelles, Chateaurenard, etc., Butler of France; Philip, William, seigneur of Tanlay; and John; they also had six daughters: Alix (see next); Eustache, wife of Gauthier de Brienne; William of Champlitte, and William I, Count of Sancerre; Clemence, wife of Guy V, seigneur of Thiers; Isabelle, wife of Aimon, seigneur de Charost; Constance, wife of Gasce de Poissy, seigneur of Chateaufort, and William de Breteuil, seigneur of Ferté-Arnaud; Agnes (nun at Orléans).

He went with his brothers King Luis VII and Robert on the second Crusade to the Holy Land and took part in the siege of Damascus.

Pierre died in Palestine 10 Mar, sometime between 1180 and 10 Apr 1183. His widow Elizabeth lived an active life with her sons, donating gifts to churches. She died 14 Sep post-1205.

7. Alix and Adémar or Aymar

She was born about 1160. She married (1) Andre de Montmirial, seigneur of Montmirial (Marne in arrondissement or district Epernay) and of La Ferté-Gaucher (Seine-et-Marne, arron. Coulomiers), son and heir of Helias. They had no issue. He died 13 June after 1177 and before 1179.

She married (2) Guillaume or William I, Count of Joigny, near Auxerre. They had one son: Pierre, Chevalier, Count of Joigny. They divorced on grounds of consanguinity. Guillaume died 15 Feb 1219.

The beauty of Alix is supposed to have caught the eye of William Marshall, the greatest knight, and Young Henry, during a tournament at Joigny in about 1180.

Alix married (3) before 1191 Adémar or Aymar, Count of Angoulême, younger son of of Guillaume or William V, Count of Angoulême, by his second wife Marguerite, daughter of Raymond I, Vicomte (viscount) of Turenne, Adémar was born after 1157. He was heir to his older brother Guillaume, Count of Angouléme.

They had one daughter: Isabel of Angoulême (see next).

Adémar went on a Crusade in 1178. He died at Limoges (Haute-Vienne) 16 June 1202. His widow Alix lived an active life, donating to various churches. She was living in Ferté-Gaucher, which she held in dower of her first marriage. She died 11 Feb about 1218.

8. Isabel of Angoulême and John, King of England

She was born in 1188 and was crowned Queen of England 8 Oct 1200.

John was King of England. He was born at Oxford about 27 Dec 1166. At the death of his brother King Richard I on 6 Apr 1199, John ascended the throne on 27 May 1199 at Westminster Abbey. He married (1) Isabel of Gloucester, but they had no issue. It was protested due to consanguinity by the 3rd degree.

He married Isabel at Bordeaux 24 Aug 1200, daughter and heiress of Ademar or Aimar III Taillefer, Count of Angoulême by Alice or Alais or Adelaide, daughter of Pierre or Peter of France, seigneur of Courtenay, Montgargis, and Chateaurenaud. Pierre was the younger son of Louis VI, King of France (on right in first Capetian Genealogical Table).

Isabel married (2) Hugues or Hugh X le Brun or Hugue or Hugh de Lusignan, Count of Marche, seigneur of Lusignan, Chateau-Larcher etc.

John and Isabel had these children: Henry III of England; Richard, Earl of Cornwall, Count of Poitou, King of the Romans, who married Isabel Marshall, (2) Sanche or Sanchia of Provence, and (3) Beatrice of Falkenburgh; Joan, who was born at Gloucester 22 July 1210 and married in Yorkshire 19 June 1221 Alexander II, King of Scots; Isabel, born at Gloucester in 1214 and married at Worms Friedrich or Frederick II, King of the Romans and Holy Roman Emperor; Eleanor of England, who married (1) William Marshall, Knight and 5th Earl of Pembroke, hereditary Master Marshall and (2) Simon de Montfort, Knight and Earl of Leicester.

John had a number of illegitimate children by mistresses:

By Clemence (when John was a single man): they had Joan of England who married Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of Wales

By ___ de Warrene, daughter of Hamelin, 5th Earl of Surrey, by Isabel, daughter of Lord of Snowden, and John and this mistress had Richard Fitzroy, or de Warrenne, de Chilham, who married Rose de Dover.

Hawise Fitzwarin, daughter of Fulk Fitz Warin, and they had Oliver Fitzroy.

By an unknown mistress or mistresses: Geoffrey Fitzroy; John Fitzroy; Henry Fitzroy; Osbert Gifford; Eudes (or Odo) Fitzroy; Bartholomew Fitzroy; ___ Fitzroy, unknown daughter; Maud Fitzroy; alleged child: Isabel Fitzroy and Philip Fitzroy.

Isabel of Angoulême and Hugh X le Brun had these children:

Hugues or Hugh XI le Brun or de Lusignan, Count of La Marche and Angoulême, who married Yolande of Brittany; William of valence, Knight, Lord or earl of Pembroke, who married Joan de Munchensy; and Alice or Alix de Lusignan, who married John de Warenne, Knight, 7th Earl of Surrey.

John died testate at the Bishop of Lincoln’s castle at Newark 19 Oct 1216 and was buried at Worcester Cathedral. Isabel returned to France to live in her native city of Angoulême and married Hugh, as noted. She died testate 4 June 1246. At first she was buried in the common graveyard of the Abbey of Fontevrault, but at her son Henry III’s request she was moved in 1254 in the choir of the Abbey. Hugh was mortally wounded at the capture of Damietta 6 June 1249. He left a will dated 8 Aug 1248.

9. Henry III and (2) Eleanor of Provence

He was born at Winchester 1 Oct 1207. He ascended the throne 19 Oct 1216 and was crowned at Gloucester 28 Oct 1216 and again at Westminster Abbey 17 May 1220.

He married by proxy (1) Jeanne or Joan de Dammartin, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Simon de Dammartin (or de Boulognes, Count of Ponthieu and Montreuil, but it was annulled without consummation 27 Apr 1236 on the grounds that they were related by the forth degree.

Henry married Eleanor of Provence at Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, 14 Jan 1236. She was the second daughter of Raymond Berenger V, Count and Marquis of Provence, Count of Forcalquier by Beatrice, daughter of Thomas I, Count of Savoy, Marquis in Italy.

They had these children: Edward, Margaret or Margery of England, born 29 Oct 1240 and married Alexander III, King of Scots; Beatrice, who married John of Brittany; Edmund, Knight and Earl of Lancaster, Leicester, and Derby, who married (1) Aveline de Forz and (2) Blanche of Artois; Richard, born about 1247 and died 29 Aug 1250 and was buried at Westminster Abbey; John, born at advent 1250 and died 31 Aug 1252 and was buried at Westminster Abbey; Katherine, born at London 25 Nov 1253, died at Windsor Castle 3 May 1257; William, died 1259 and was buried at New Temple.

For more information about Henry III, please click on _____

10. Edward I and (1) Eleanor of Castile-Leon and (2) Margaret or Marguerite of France

He was born at Westminster, Middlesex 17/18 June 1239. He married Eleanor first. She was the daughter of St. Fernando III, King of Castile, Leon, Galicia, Toledo, Cordoba, Jaen, and Seville (descendant of Henry II, King of England) by his second wife Jeanne or Juana or Joan. Edward was crowned King of England at Westminster 19 Aug 1274. Queen Eleanor died at Harby, Nottinghamshire 28 Nov 1290 and was buried at Westminster Abbey 17 Dec 1290.

He married a second time to Margaret or Marguerite of France, daughter of Philip III the Bold, King of France (descendant of Henry II, King of England) by his second wife Marie, daughter of Henri III, Duke of Lorraine and Brabant.

Edward died testate at Burgh-on-Sands, near Carlisle, Cumberland 7 July 1307 and was buried at Westminster Abbey. Queen Margaret died testate at Marlborough Castle 14 Feb 1317/18 and was buried 15 Mar 1317/18 before the high altar in the choir of church of the Grey Friars, London.

Edward and Eleanor had 14-15 children.

Edward and Margaret had three children: Thomas of Brotherton, Knight and Earl of Norfolk, Marshal of England, who married (1) Alice de Hales and (2) Mary de Brewes; Edmund of Woodstock, Earl of Kent, married Margaret Wake; and Eleanor of England, who was born 4 May 1306 and was buried before 28 Aug 1310 and was buried at Beaulieu Abbey, Hampshire.

For more information about Edward, please click on the above links.

11. Joan of England and Gilbert de Clare

She was sometimes styled Joan of Acre because she was born at Acre, Palestine in spring 1272. She was the second daughter of Edward I. She had two marriages. She married Gilbert de Clare at Westminster Abbey about 30 Apr 1290 by dispensation dated 16 Nov 1289, since they were related in the 2nd or 3rd degrees. Joan was Gilbert’s second wife. He was a Knight and the 6th Earl of Hertford, Steward of St. Edmund’s Abbey, son and heir of Richard de Clare, Knight, and Earl of Gloucester and Hertford by his second wife Maud, daughter of John de Lacy, Knight, Earl of Lincoln, a Magna Carta Baron. He was born at Christchurch, Hampshire 2 Sep 1243. They had one son, Gilbert, Knight, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford; and three daughters: Eleanor, Margaret and Elizabeth. Son Gilbert married Maud de Burgh; daughter Eleanor married (1) Hugh le Despenser and (2) William la Zouche Mortimer; daughter Margaret married (1) Peter de Gavaston and (2 Hugh de Audley; daughter Elizabeth married (1) John de Burgh, (3) Thebaud de Verdun, and (3) Roger Damory. Their father and Joan’s first husband Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, died at Monmouth Castle 7 Dec 1295 and was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire.

Joan married a second time to Ralph de Monthermer, early in 1297. His parentage is unclear. They had Mary, who married Duncan of Fife, Knight and 10th Earl of Fife in Scotland and of Glapthorn and Cotterstock, Northamptonshire, son and heir of Duncan of Fie, 9th Earl of Fife, by Joan, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, Knight and 6th Earl of Gloucester, 6th Earl of Hertfordshire.

Joan died 7 Apr 1307 and was buried in the Austin Friars at Clare, Suffolk.

12. Elizabeth de Clare and Roger Damory

She was born probably at Caerphilly, Glamorgan in Nov 1295. She was the youngest daughter by her father’s second marriage. She was married three times: John de Burgh, 2nd but 1st surviving son of Richard de Burgh, Knight, 3rd Earl of Ulster, Lord of Connaught by his wife Margaret. They married 30 Sep 1308 at Waltham Abbey, Essex. Their issue was William de Burgh.

Her 2nd marriage was near Bristol on 4 Feb 1315/16 without the King’s license to Thebaud or Tebaud de Verdun, Knight, 2nd Lord Verdun, Buckinghamshire; Brandon in Wolston and Bretford in Wolston, Warwickshire; Wilsford, Wiltshire, etc. They had daughter Isabel de Verdun who married Henry De Ferrers.

Her third marriage was to Roger Damory or Dammory or Damary before 3 May 1317. He performed well at the Battle of Bannockburn, so he and his wife Elizabeth were granted the manors of Vauxhall in Lambeth, Surrey; Holton, Oxfordshire; and Sandal, Yorkshire in 1317. He was summoned to Parliament from 20 Nov 1317 to 15 May 1321 by writs directed Rogero Damory or Dammory, whereby he is believed to have become Lord Damory.

He was active in the Despenser War in 1321-1322, being engaged in the capture of Gloucester, the burning of Bridgenorth, and the siege of Tickhill and the conflict at Burton-on-Trent. His lands were confiscated and orders were issued for his arrest. Being sick and wounded he was left at Tutbury during the retreat before the King’s forces. He was there captured 11 Mar 1321/22. He was tried and condemned to death and his estates forfeited, but his execution was commuted 13 Mar.

He died testate at Tutbury Castle, Staffordshire 13 or 14 Mar 1321/22 and was buried at St. Mary’s Ware, Hertfordshire.

His widow was imprisoned in the Barking Abbey, where under fear and duress she was forced to exchange her castles and manors of Usk, Tregnik, Llangibby and Caerlton and 19 other manors in Wales for the castles and manors of Swansea, Oystermouth, etc., held by her brother-in-law Hugh le Despenser the younger. At Christmas 1322 she was placed under house arrest at York, until she signed a bond not to marry or dispose of her lands without the King’s license. In 1333 she obtained papal indults for plenary remission, a portable altars, and to have masses and divine offices celebrated in chapels and oratories wherever she may be. In 1338 she refounded University Hall at Cambridge University under the name of Clare Hall and gave it to the rectory of Great Gransden, Huntingdonshire.

Elizabeth died 4 Nov 1360 and was buried with her third husband at St. Mary’s Ware, Hertfordshire. She left a will dated 25 Sep 1355, proved 3 Dec 1360.

13. Elizabeth Damory and John Bardolf

She was daughter and heiress and was born before 23 May 1318. She married John before 25 Dec 1327. He was a Knight and 3rd Lord Bardolf, of Wormegay, Cantley, Caistor, Fincham, etc. He was the son and heir of Thomas Bardolf, Knight and 2nd Lord Bardolf and was born 13 Jan 1313/14 (aged 40 in 1357).

They had one son, William, 4th Lord Bardolf; and two daughters Isabel and Agnes.

John served in Scotland, Germany, and Brittany. He presented to various churches. In 1337 he and his wife, Elizabeth, and her mother Elizabeth de Burgh, lady of Clare, exchanged the Damory manors of Kennington and Vauxhall, both in Lambeth, Surrey, with the King, for the manors of Clopton and Ilketshall, Suffolk. He was admitted to the Fraternity of the Abbey of St. Benet of Holm, Norfolk in 1339. In 1352 he and Elizabeth were granted a papal indult for a portable altar. Elizabeth had livery of her inheritance in 1361, including the manors of Clopton and Ilketshall, Suffolk; Caythrope, Lincolnshire; and Douse in Standon, Hertfordshire. Sir John died testate at Assisi, Italy, 29 July 1363, Elizabeth predeceased him.

14. William Bardolf and Agnes Poynings or Poynges

He was born 21 Oct 1349 and became Knight, 4th Lord Bardolf of Wormegay, Caister, Cantley, Fincham, Stow Bardolf, and Strumpshaw, Norfolk; Ruskington, Caythorpe, Digby, Fillingham, and Westborough, Lincolnshire; Clopton, Suffolk; Addington, Surrey; Plumpton, Sussex, etc. He was the son and heir. He married Agnes after 10 Feb 1365/67; she was the daughter of Michael de Poynings, Knight, 1st Lord Poynings by his wife Joan.

William and Agnes had these children: Thomas Bardolf, Knight and 5th Lord Bardolf (m. Amice or Avice Cromwell); William Bardolf, Knight, (m. Joan ____); Elizabeth Bardolf (m. Robert Scales and then Henry Percy of Atholl (descendant of Henry III and King Edward I, and King John); and Cecily.

Agnes was a legatee in the 1369 will of her mother Joan, Lady Poynings, and in the 1374 will of her brother Thomas de Poynings, 2nd Lord Poynings.

William presented to the churches of Cantley, Norfolk, 1372 and 1373; Watton-atte-Stone, Hertfordshire, 1373; North Runcton, Nrfolk, 1373; and Gedling, Nottinghamshire, 1379; and to the chapel of St. Mary’s in Watton-atte-Stone, Hertfordshire, 1375. He was summoned to Parliament from 28 Dec 1375 to 3 Sep 1385, by writs directed Willelmo Bardolf de Wirmegeye.

William died 29 Jan 1385/86. He left a will dated 12 Sept 1385, requesting burial in the quire of the church of the Friar Carmelites at Lynn, Norfolk.

His widow married shortly after 10 Apr 1386 Thomas Mortimer, Knight. He was prominent is English society, but they had no issue. He died before 14 Mar 1402/03.

Agnes received permission to go on a pilgrimage to Rome.

She died 12 June 1403 and was buried in Trinity Priory, Aldgate, London. She left a will dated 9 Jan 1402/03, proved 13 June 1403.

15. Cecily Bardolf and Brian Stapleton

She married Brian Stapleton, Knight, de jure Lord Ingham, of Ingham, Norfolk, North Moreton, Berkshire, Codford, Langford, and West Dean, Wiltshire, Bedale, Yorkshire, etc. He was sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, 1424-26; Knight of the Shire for Yorkshire, 1436-37; son and heir of Miles, Knight, de jure Lord Ingham of Ingham, Norfolk, Bedale, Yorkshire etc. by Ela, daughter of Edmund de Ufford, Knight. Brian was born about 1379 (aged 40 in 1419).

They had two sons: Miles, Knight; and Brian, Esq. (married Isabel ___); and one daughter: Anne, wife of Thomas Hethe and Walter Trumpington, Knight. Brian and Cecily were legatees in the 1414 will of his father, Miles Stapleton.

Brian fought in the French wars and was at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. In 1417 he participated in the second expedition of King Henry V to France, he being in the retinue of Robert Willoughby, 6th Lord Willoughby of Eresby. He was taken prisoner and held in France for five years until ransomed for 3,000 marks.

Cecily died 29 Sep 1432. He died 7 Aug 1438. He left a will dated 5 Apr 1438, codicil dated 4 May 1438. He and his wife Cecily were buried in the chancel at Ingham, Norfolk.

16. Miles Stapleton and Katherine de la Pole

He was born about 1408 (aged 40 in 1438). He was Knight, de jure Lord Ingham, of Ingham, Norfolk, North Moreton, Berkshire, Weybread, Suffolk, Codford, Langford, and West Dean, Wiltshire, Bedale, Yorkshire, etc. Knight of the Shire for Suffolk, Knight of the Shire for Norfolk and Suffolk, 1439-40.

He married (1) before 18 Nov 1424 (date of license to grant lands) Elizabeth Felbrigg, daughter of Simon Felbrigg, Knight of the Garter of Felbrigg, Norfolk, by his first wife Margaret, daughter of Przemyslaw Noszak, Duke of Teschen and Glogau. They had no issue.

He married (2) Katherine de la Pole, daughter of Thomas de la Pole, Knight, of Marsh (in Marsh Gibbon), Buckinghamshire, Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire, Norton sub Harndon, Somerset, etc. by his second wife Anne, daughter of Nicholas Cheyne.

Katherine was born about 1416 (aged 14 in 1430) and was heiress in 1430 to her brother, Thomas de la Pole. They had two daughters: Elizabeth and Joan (or Jane).

Miles was a legatee in the will of his father Brian Stapleton, Knight. He achieved honors from the Privy Council in 1443.

Miles died 1 Oct 1466 and was buried in front of the high altar at Ingham, Norfolk. He left a will dated 4 Aug 1442, codicil dated 18 Sep 1466, and proved 31 Dec 1466.

His widow married (2) before Easter term 1470 (date of lawsuit) as his 3rd wife Richard Harcourt, Knight, of Witham, Berkshire; Minister Lovel and Cornbury, Oxfordshire, London, and Corfe Mullen in Surminster Marshall, Dorset, Knight of the Shire of Oxfordshire, 1445-46, 1460-61, 1478, Sheriff of Oxfordshire and Berkshire 1460-61 and 1466-67, Knight of the Shire for Norfolk, 1472-75; King’s Esquire.

Richard died 1 Oct 1486. He left a will proved 25 Oct 1486, requesting burial in Abingdon Abbey, Oxfordshire. His widow Katherine died 13 or 14 Oct 1488 and was buried in Rowley Abbey, Oxfordshire. She left a will dated 7 July and 5 Sep 1488 and it was proved 23 Jan 1488/89.

17. Elizabeth Stapleton and William Calthorpe

She was born about 1441 or 1442 (aged 25 in 1466). She married (1) before 7 Mar 1463/4 as his second wife William Calthorpe, Knight, of Burham Thorpe and Norwich, and in right of his second wife of Ingham, Norfolk; and Northmoreton, Berkshire; sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, 1441-42, 1458-59, 1463-64, 1475-76. He was the son and heir of John Calthorpe, Knight, of Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk by Anne, daughter of John Wythe, Knight.

William was born at Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk 30 Jan 1409/10. Elizabeth Stapleton and William Calthorpe had three sons:  Edward; Francis, Knight; and John; and two daughters: Ann, wife of Robert Drury; and Elizabeth, wife of Francis Hasilden, Esq. of Guilden Morden, Cambridgeshire.

William had married (1) Elizabeth Grey (died 1437), daughter of Reynold Grey, Knight, Lord of Hastings, Wexford, and Ruthin. They had two sons: John, Knight, and William; one daughter: Anne, wife of William Gurney.

He was arrested in 1450 (order date) because he had supported the Lancastrian Readeption in 1470-71. In 1479 and in 1492 he presented to the church of Syderstone, Norfolk. William died at Norwich, Norfolk 15 Nov 1494. He left a will dated 31 May 1494, which was proved 23 May 1495, requesting burial in the white Friars, Norwich, Norfolk.

Elizabeth married a second time to John Fortescue, Knight, of Ponsbourne, Hertfordshire, Chief Butler of England. He died 28 July 1500.

She married (3) Lord Edward Howard, Earl Marshal of England, Lord High Treasurer by his first wife Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Frederick Tilney, Esq. Edward was slain off Brest 25 Apr 1513.

Elizabeth died 18 Feb 1504/05.

18. Ann Calthorpe and Robert Drury

Ann married before 1494 as his first wife Robert Drury (born before 1456), Knight, of Hawstead, Suffolk. He was Knight of the Body of Kings Henry VII and Henry VIII; Knight of the shire for Suffolk; Speaker of the House of Commons; Privy Councilor. He was son and heir of Robert Drury, Esq. of Hawstead, Suffolk by his second wife Felice, daughter and heiress of William Denston.

They had two sons: William, Knight, and Robert, Knight; and four daughters: Anne; Elizabeth, wife of Philip Botelier, Knight; Bridget, wife of John Jernegan, Knight; Ursula, wife of Giles Allington, Knight.

Robert was admitted to Lincoln’s Inn in 1473. Anne was named in the 1494 will of her father. He was legatee of Ellesmere Chaucer, which bears his signature of Robert Drury on the flyleaf from John de Vere, Earl of Oxford. He attended the King at the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520.

Robert married (2) before 1531 to Anne Jernigan or Jerningham, widow successively of Lord Edward Grey, who died before 12 Nov 1529 and daughter of Edward Jernegan of Somerletyn, Suffolk by his first wife Margaret Bedingfield. They had no issue.

Sir Robert died 2 Mar 1535/6 and was buried with his first wife at St. Mary’s, Bury St. Edmund’s Suffolk. He left a will proved 8 Feb. 1535/36.

His widow Anne married before 1543 Edmund Walsingham, Knight, who died 10 Feb. 1550 of Scadbury in Chislehurst, Kent, Lord Lieutenant of the Tower of London.

Anne, Lady Grey, left a will dated 1 Mar 1558 that was proved 8 May 1558.

19. Anne Drury and George Waldegrave

He was born about 1483 (aged 44 in 1527) of of Smallbridge in Bures St. Mary and Lindsay, Suffolk, Wormingford Hall in Wormingford, Essex, etc. He was an Esquire. He was son and heir to William Waldegrave. George and Ann had these children: William, Edward, and Phyllis.

He died 8 July 1528 and was buried at Bures St. Mary, Suffolk. He left a will that was proved 25 Aug 1528.

His widow Ann married (2) to Thomas Jermyn, a Knight of Rushbrook, sheriffs of Counties Norfolk and Suffolk. They had two sons John, Esq., and Thomas.

20. Edward Waldegrave (or Walgrave) and Joan Acworth or Ackworth

He was of Rivers Hall in Boxted, later of Lawford Hall, Essex. He was the third son, born about 1514.

In Dec 1541 Edward Waldegrave, with many others, including his future wife, were indicted with the trial for adultery of Katherine Howard, Queen of King Henry VIII. His offense was “withholding from his Majesty the King knowledge of certain letters which have been confiscated from a chest.”

He was confined in the Tower during the trial, received a sentence of life imprisonment, but was later pardoned.

He married between May and June 1556 Joan Acworth or Ackworth, widow of William Bulmer, daughter of ____, Wilberforce, Esq. She was born about 1519. They had one son: Edward; and four daughters: Mary, wife of Isaac Astley, Esq.; Anne, wife of Humphrey Monoux, Esq.; Bridget, wife of Thomas Kighley; and Margery (see next).

Edward died 13 Aug 1584. He left a will dated 12 Aug 1584, proved 5 Dec 1584. His widow Joan was buried 10 Dec 1590. They were both buried at Lawford, Essex.

21. Margery Waldegrave and William Clopton

She married William Clopton, Esq., of Castelyn in Groton, Suffolk, and Ramsden and Belhouse, Essex, son of Richard Clopton of Ford Hall in Long Melford and Castelyns in Groton, Suffolk by his second wife, Margery, daughter of William Playters (sic), Esq.

They had four sons: William, Esq.; Walter, Gentleman (see next); Waldegrave; and Thomas; and six daughters: Anne, wife of John Maidstone; Bridget, wife of John Sampson, Esq.; Thomasine; Mary, wife of George Jenney, Gentleman; Margery, wife of Thomas Doggett, Gentleman; and Elizabeth, wife of George Crocke.

His wife, Margery, was a legatee in the 1584 will of her father, Edward Waldegrave, Esq.

William died 9 Aug 1616 and was buried at Groton, Suffolk. He left a will that was proved 28 Nov 1616.

22. Walter Clopton and Margaret Maidstone

Second son, he was baptized 30 June 1585 at Groton, Suffolk and was from Boxted, Essex. He married at Boxted, Essex 21 Apr 1612 Margaret Maidstone, daughter of Robert Maidstone, Gentleman, of Great Horkesley, Essex.

They had two sons: Rev. William and Walter; and one daughter: Margaret.

Walter left a will dated 24 Dec 1622.

His widow married (2) by settlement dated 16 Aug 1631 Robert Crane, Gentleman, of Coggeshall, Essex, grocer. He was living in May 1645. His wife Margaret died in 1666.

23. Rev. William Clopton and Elizabeth Sutcliffe

He was baptized at Boxted, Essex, on 19 Apr 1613. He attended Emmanuel College, Cambridge University, receiving a B.A. in 1634 and M.A. in 1637. He was rector of Much Horksley, Essex, then in 1654 Rector at All Saints, Rettendon, Essex.

He married Elizabeth Sutcliffe, daughter of Rev. Isaiah Suttcliffe of Rettendon, Essex, by Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. Thomas Jolye. They had one son, William, Gentleman.

They were part of the manor of Eastwoodbury after his mother’s death. He was ejected “for conscience sake” in 1662 and thereafter resided at or near Eastwood, Essex. Rev. Clopton left a will dated 24 Oct. 1670, which was proved 14 June 1671.

His widow, Elizabeth, died at Paglesham, Essex, in 1683.

Clopton arms: Sable a bend silver cotised dancetty gold.

GATEWAY ANCESTOR

24. William Clopton and Ann Booth

He is the gateway ancestor.

He was born about 1655 (aged 30 in 1685). He was apprenticed in London to Joshua White. He immigrated to Virginia in 1673, either retaining or gaining the social status of Gentleman. He married Anne Booth, widow of Thomas Dennett and daughter of Robert Booth. Robert was a co-founder of Jamestowne.

They had three sons: Robert, William, and Walter; and two daughters: Anne, wife of Nicholas Mills; and Elizabeth, wife of (1) William Walker and (2) Alexander Moss.

They lived in Hampton Parish in York County, where he served as Constable. Then he moved to New Kent County, where he served as Clerk of St. Peter’s Church.

His wife died in 1716, and was buried in St. Peter’s Churchyard. William was legatee in the 1732 will of his nephew, William Hammond, Gentleman, of Ratcliffe in Stepney, Middlesex, who bequeathed him lands at Eastwood and Thundersley, Essex in England for life, with remainder to his children.

He left other records to show his descendants.

From here on I just provide the links, which has the basic data. Otherwise, the post would be much longer than it is already!

25. Walter Clopton and Mary Jarratt

26. William Clopton and Cassandra Crump

27. Mary Clopton and William Perrin

28. Rebecca Perrin and Robert Anderson

29. Elizabeth Ann Anderson and Champion Wilbourn

30. Amonet Washington Wilbourn and Margaret Nancy Gray

31. William Harvey Wilbourn and Frances Victoria Daniel

32. Ella Washington (Rae) Wilbourn and Frank Rucker Ryland (our grandparents)

ARTICLES IN THE SERIES

1. From the Plantagenets to the Present Day

2.. From the Normans to the Present Day

3.. From the Capetians to the Present Day

4. From Charlemagne to the Present Day

RELATED

Henry II

Eleanor of Aquitaine (duchess of Aquitaine, queen, and Henry II’s wife)

Richard I

King John

Henry III

Eleanor of Provence (wife of Henry III and mother of Edward I)

Edward I

Eleanor of Castile (married Edward I)

William Clopton and Our Royal Heritage (another path to Medieval royalty)

William Longsword and Life in the Medieval Age and His American Descendants

Royal gateway ancestors of the Northeast

Royal gateway ancestors of the Middle Colonies

Royal gateway ancestors of Virginia

SOURCES

Constance B. Bouchard, Those of My Blood: Constructing Noble Families in Medieval Francia (U Penn P 2001)

Jim Bradbury, The Capetians: Kings of France 987-1328 (Bloomsbury Academic, 2007).

Stephen Church, Henry III: A Simple and God-Fearing King, Penguin Monarchs Series (Alan Lane 2017).

Ian Crofton, The Kings and Queens of England (New York: Metro Books, 2006).

René de la Croix (duc de Castries), Kings and Queens of France, trans. Anne Dobell (Knopf, 1979.

Ivan Gobry, Robert II: Fils de Hugues Capet, Histoire des Rois de France (Pygmalion, 2005).

Dan Jones, The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England (New York: 2014).

Margaret Howell, Eleanor of Provence: Queenship in Thirteenth-Century England (Blackwell, 1998, 2001).

Jacquette Luquet-Juillet, Occitanie: Terre de fatalité, Tome 1: Seigneurs et Peuples (Paris: Editions Dervy, 1997).

Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, eds. William W. Kibler and Grover A. Zinn (New York: Garland, 1995).

John Carmi Parsons, Eleanor of Castile: Queen and Society in Thirteenth-Century England (St. Martin’s, 1995, 1998).

Charles Philips, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Royal Britain (New York: Metro Books, 2009).

The Plantagenet Encyclopedia: An Alphabetical Guide to 400 Years of English History, gen. ed. Elizabeth Hallam, (Crescent Books, 1996).

Pierre Riché, The Carolingians: A Family Who Forged Europe, trans. Michael Idormir Allen (U Penn P, 1993).

Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 volumes (Salt Lake: Published Privately, 2013).

—, Plantagenet Ancestry, 2nd ed., vol. 1-3, (Salt Lake City: Published privately, 2011).

Robert Prestwich, Edward I, Rev. ed. (New Haven: Yale UP, 1997).

W. L. Warren, King John, New Edition, (New Haven: Yale U P 1997 [1961, 1978]).

—, Henry II (Berkeley: UC P, 1977)

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