Thomas Jefferson’s Ancestry and Royal Lineage

Now Updated. Thomas’s mother Jane Randolph descends from one of the most prominent families in Virginia. Records show her family line is part of the royal gateway ancestors (royal descendants who moved to America). His paternal ancestry goes way back in Virginia history.

Thomas Jefferson was born April 13, 1743, to Peter Jefferson and Jane Randolph. Her ancestry, going all the way back to Charlemange, is surveyed in the next two major sections, below.

This post is a valid line of historical research.

First let’s look at his father’s side, derived from court-sworn primary sources.

HIS PATERNAL ANCESTRY

His father Peter Jefferson achieved gentleman status. It is remarkable that the maiden names of the wives of the Jefferson men are recorded in these primary documents. This means they descended from privileged landowners, and even in many cases of privilege other women’s maiden names are rarely recorded. One wife was the daughter of Maj. Peter Field who oversaw a local militia; an officer was also appointed to take levies (taxes) in a given district. Also, the Randolphs and Epes figure prominently in these documents, below, indicating that the three families knew each other for several generations.

Names in bold font indicate President Jefferson’s direct line.

1. John Jefferson (?)

George Burtcher, 200 acres, James City Co., 3 July 1635, p. 203. Near the head of a little Cr. between the mouth of Hog Island Cr. & mouth of Lawnes Cr., Ely. from the first Cr. to the latter Cr., westwardly towards Chippoakes Cr., southwardly into the woods & northwardly towards James R. 50 acres for his own personal adventure, 50 acres for the personal adventure of his wife Anne Burtcher & 100 acres for the personal adventure of his 2 children: John Jefferson & Jane Burtcher. Note: In the list of names at the end of record John Jefferson is given as “his wife’s son.”

So it looks like Jane was married before.

Mr. William Browning, 650 acres, James City Co., Apr. 10, 1646, Page 100; within the limits of Archers Hope, East upon the Ponds dividing this land from Martins Hundred. 400 acres formerly granted unto George Sandis, Esqr., by patent dated 4 Dec. 1624, and by him sold to Edward Grindall who left it to his heir in England that constituted Capt. Brocas & Mr. Thomas Harwood his Attorneys to dispose of same, and who sold same unto John Browning, father of said William. 250 acres formerly granted unto John Jefferson in 1619, after granted unto Mr. John Uti by order of court, Oct. 16, 1628, & by said Uti for a valuable consideration sold unto said John Browning Nov. 27, 1629, unto all of which said William is now heir apparent by descent from the said John.

Note: there is a William Jefferson who arrives early. But for now I settle on John. It is not clear who John’s immediate descendants were, but the next generations are secured by primary sources.

For John Jefferson’s involvement in the first plenary meeting of the Virginia government, please click on this link:

You Are There! America’s First Government Meeting, July 30, 1619

Members of the Virginia House of Burgesses

2. Thomas Jefferson and Mary Branch

1 Apr 1682

Deed, Henrico County

William Byrd, for a valuable consideration, to Thomas Jefferson, 157 acres, escheated to his Majesty, granted to Abel Gower and by him assigned to me; wit: Wm Randolph; signed William Byrd; recorded 1 Apr 1682 (Wills and Deeds, etc., 16677-1692, p. 214)

20 June 1678

Will of Christopher Branch, Henrico County

Son Thomas Branch

Grandsons Christopher Branch, Samuel Branch, Benjamin Branch; Samuel and Benjamin are to live with Christopher until they are able to look after themselves;

William and John Branch (relationship not stated);

Christopher, Samuel (brother to Christopher), Samuel (brother to Christopher), Sarah, and Mary Branch, the wife of Thomas Jefferson;

Sole Executor: Christopher Branch

Witnesses: Abel Gower and Richard Ward

Proved 20 Feb 1681/2

1 Dec 1692

Deed, Henrico County

William Randolph and Francis Epes, feofees in trust for town of Henrico Co. to Thomas Jefferson of same, for 265 pounds of tobacco, ½ acre lost #29. Witness Henry Randolph; signed Wm Randolph, Fra. Epes; recorded 1 Dec 1692 (Will and Deed Book 1688-1697, p. 369)

1 Oct 1698 (recorded date)

Account of estate of Thomas Jefferson, Henrico County

Large part of book is only in fragments

Account mentions Thomas Jefferson, Jr. and Martha (Wills and Deeds 1697-1704)

16 Nov 1700

Marriage Contract, Henrico County

Contract of marriage agreed upon between Joseph Mattocks of Charles City Co. and Mary Jefferson, relict of Thomas Jefferson, decd. of County and Parish of Henrico. They chose Seth Ward, Christopher Branch, and Thomas Jefferson, all of Henrico Co. to be trustees. Joseph Mattocks agrees Mary will enjoy all the estate she is now possessed of and may dispose of it as she sees fit, and he will give her ½ of his personal estate, except feather bed and 1 small brass kettle which he has given to his daughter Mary Maile. Said Mary Jefferson shall have ½ of his estate after his death and binds himself £200. Witnesses: Peter Field, Ben Branch, Mary Jefferson, Ashley (?) Branch; signed Joseph (IM) Mattocks. On page 214 follows the inventory of Mary Jefferson’s possessions which she is to keep for herself, witnessed by Peter Field and Thomas Jefferson; 16 Dec. 1700 and signed by Joseph Mattocks 1 Apr 1701 (Wills and Deeds, Etc. 1697-1704, p. 213)

3. Thomas Jefferson and Mary Field

1 Mar 1708

Deed, Henrico County

Thomas Jefferson and his wife Mary, of County and Parish of Henrico, a daughter of Maj. Peter Field, decd., late of New Kent Co., to Abraham Burton of Bristol Parish, Henrico County, for 10,000 pounds of tobacco, 200 acres in Appomattox in Bristol Parish, on south side of Swift Cr., descended to said Mary as one of the daughters and co-heirs of Maj. Peter Field, to whom land was granted 20 Oct 1687 and 19 Apr 1690, and bounded according to lease  to John Burton, and line between said Jefferson and James Franklin;

Witnesses: Fran’s (Francis) Epes, Jr., and Henry Randolph, Jr.

Signed Thos. Jefferson and Mary Jefferson

Recorded: 1 Mar 1709

(Deed Book 1706-1709)

15 Mar 1725

Will of Thomas Jefferson, Henrico County

To son Field, mourning ring worth 20 shillings; negroes and items, some of which were bought of Turpin, Joseph Wilkinson, and Thomas Edwards

To son Peter, my land on fine Cr. and Manekin Cr., but if he die before 21, then to my three daughters Judith, Mary, and Martha;

To daughters Mary and Martha, items; and the ½ part of Gilley’s Mill; the land I lately bought off George Carter, the land mortgaged by Grills;

And all the rest of estate to be sold by Maj. William Kennon and Henry Wood;

And then £10 to be given to my daughters Mary and Martha;

To my sister Martha Winn to take care of my daughter Martha, and Capt. Henry Randolph to take care of my daughter Mary;

If daughters die before 21, survivors to get their share; and if both die, to daughter Judith Farrar;

Son Peter to be executor;

Witnesses: Benjamin Branch and Henry Moody

Recorded April

(Wills and Deeds 1725-1737, p. 293)

4. Peter Jefferson and Jane Randolph

1 Apr 1732

Deed, Henrico and Goochland Counties (Goochland grew out of Henrico in 1728)

Richard Grills of Henrico Co., hatter, to Peter Jefferson, Gentleman, of Goochland Co., for £100, land on south side of Swift Cr. and plantation on north side of said creek where said Grills lately dwelt, 150 acres; the upper half was taken up by said Richard’s father;

Witnesses: George Robertson, Jr., Alex. Horton, Sam’l Pitchford, Eliz. (X) Bevill;

Signed Richard Grills, 1st Mon. in May 1732

(Wills and Deeds, 1725-1737, p. 343)

Marriage, Goochland County

3 Oct 1739

Peter Jefferson married Jane Randolph; surety Arthur Hopkins; witness: H. Wood (p. 1)

For the documents of the powerful Randolph family of Virginia, please click here:

The Randolphs of Early Virginia

Peter left a will in Albemarle County, Virginia (Albemarle County grew out of Goochland County in 1744).

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=17650608

He names his son Thomas.

For a transcription, go here:

Peter Jefferson’s Last Will and Testament

5. Thomas Jefferson and Martha Wales Skelton

He left a will, which has been transcribed here:

https://www.monticello.org/site/research-and-collections/last-will-and-testament

HIS MATERNAL ANCESTRY

It may seem fanciful and even uncritical hero worship to claim that the Randolphs go all the way back to Medieval royalty, but about 267 American men and women really do descend from royals. They are known as royal gateway ancestors. The elite in England left behind a good paper trail.

Douglas Richard’s monumental five-volume Royal Ancestry is a secondary source, but it is built on primary sources like baptisms, christenings, deeds, wills, and other probate.

Genealogical Tables

The goal here is always to bring us to from Charlemagne to William the Conqueror and his great-grandson Henry II, the first Plantagenet.

From the encyclopedia Medieval France and the Carolingians:

For good measure, here are Constance Bouchard’s tables on the Carolingians:

It’s replete with information, revealing even the connection from Charlemagne to the dukes of Aquitaine, the ancestors of Eleanor of Aquitaine, who married Henry II, the first Plantagenet.

Another table by Bouchard:

Next, Michael Idomir Allen’s Table 8, which he put together for his translation of Pierre Riché’s the Carolingians, shows the connection between the Carolingians, Herbertines, and Robert (I) king of West Franks, a Robertian (Robertine):

Notice that Herbert I’s daughter married Robert I. He is the grandfather of Hugh Capet, the Founder of the Capetians.

Let’s keep going. Allen’s Table 4, illustrating the Robertians to Robert II, a Capetian. Note Beatrix’s reappearance in this table (m. to Robert I):

Yes, the Capetians descend from Charlemagne. For the primary source evidence, click on Herbert I, Count of Vermandois, and scroll down to the Addendum.

The above table leaves off with Robert II, the Pious.

Here is W. L. Warren’s table from his excellent biography Henry II, illustrating the connection between Robert II (the Pious) and the Normans (William the Conqueror) to Henry II.

In that table Robert the Pious is Robert II. He leads to the Capetians on the left, the dukes of Aquitaine and their famous descendant Eleanor in the middle, and the Normans on right. On the left are the Capetians. He descends from them from all of them.

Let’s look at the Capetians in a fuller table:

In the above table, on the right is Pierre (Peter), son of Louis V. Pierre / Peter had a granddaughter named Isabel of Angoulême (not shown), who married King John of England, Plantagenet (see below).

Let’s take stock. So far we traced them down to King Henry II (in the table above the Capetians).

Dan Jones’s table from his book the Plantagenets:

The simplest table of all is by Tracy Borman, who wrote a biography about William the Conqueror’s wife, Matilda of Flanders. Matilda’s line goes right back to Charlemagne:

Matilda and William are on the bottom right. Remember, William the Conqueror is the great-grandfather of Henry II, the first Plantagenet.

Let’s back up and look at the Viking side. The lineage will also go through William the Conqueror, then Henry I, Empress Matilda, and reach Henry II. Here are Marjorie Chibnall’s first two tables on the House of Normandy:

And that last table, above, brings us to Henry II again.

Here is C. Warren Hollister’s table of the House of Normandy to the Plantagenets:

So we have these links in the chain from Rollo (Rolf the Viking) to Henry II, the first Plantagenet:

RolloWilliam LongswordRichard IRichard IIRobert IWilliam the Conqueror –  Empress Matilda – Henry IHenry II

Let’s summarize the information in the tables.

There is a new line from Charlemagne to the Capetians and to the House of Normandy, going through Beatrix, daughter of Herbert I, a male descendant of Charlemagne, and Beatrix married Robert I, who was a very early founder (of sorts) of the Capetians (see Line B, below). The line is new because Richardson does not cover it, and for lineage societies, his impressive five-volume Royal Ancestry and three-volume Plantagenet Ancestry (2nd ed.) are authoritative.

Once again, the Capetians descend from Charlemagne. For the primary source evidence, click on Herbert I, Count of Vermandois, and scroll down to the Addendum.

Next, the hinge figure is Robert II, Capetian. He is the link to the Capetians, the Normans, and the dukes to Aquitaine down to Henry II of England.

Henry II (Henry of Anjou) is the transitional figure from the Houses of Normandy to Anjou and Plantagenets. Henry’s father Geoffrey was the Count of Anjou and wore a yellow broom blossom called a planta genista in Latin, or Plantagenet:

In a nutshell: Normans → Angevins → Plantagenets.

We don’t keep track of the line that goes from Charlemagne to Eleanor of Aquitaine, but Bouchard’s table says it is well linked from one generation to the next.

b. = born

d. = died

c. or ca. = circa = around or about

Let’s begin.

There are four lines from Charlemagne to William the Conqueror and his great-grandson, Henry II. Here is one. At the end is an addendum that goes from him to Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife of Henry II, the first Plantagenet.

Carolingians to Herbertines, Normans, and Plantagenets

The first four generations are Carolingians.

1. Charlemagne (748-814) and Hildegard (d. 783)

2. Pippin (773-810) and Mistress

3. Bernard (b. c. 797-818) and Cunegonde

4. Pippin (d. after 840) and Wife

5. Herbert I (b. c. 850- d. c. 900-07) and Wife

He was the Count of Vermandois, and this lineage is known as the Herbertines.

6. Herbert II (880-943) and Adele of France

She was the daughter of Robert I (see Line B no. 6, below)

7. Robert (b. c. 931-34 – d. after 966) and Adelaide (Werra) (d. after 967)

Historians don’t cover him in a separate book, since he is not as famous as his some of his ancestors and descendants.

But he is a link in our chain, and here are his vital statistics.

He was born between 931 and 934. He was Count of Meaux from 946 and after 966. In right of his wife he became Count of Troyes. He married Adelaide before 18 June 950. She was the daughter of Giselbert, Duke of Burgundy, Count of Chalon-sur-Saone, Troyes, Autun, Avalois, and Beaunois, by his wife Ermengard.

They had one son: Herbert, Count of Meaux and Troyes; and one daughter: Adele.

Robert died probably after 19 June 966. His wife Adelaide was living in Aug 967.

8. Adele (d. before 979) and Geoffrey I Greymantle (d. 987)

They are not as famous as some of their ancestors or descendants, so historians don’t cover them thoroughly, but they are important to us, so here are their vital facts:

They married in about 965. He was the Count of Anjou in 958 or 960 to 987. He was Count of Chalon, 979-987. He was the son of Foulques (Fulk), the Good, Count of Anjou, by his wife Gerberge. His nickname in French is Grisegonelle or Greymantle in English.

They had two sons: Foulques (Fulk) III Nerra, Count of Anjou; and Geoffrey.

They had two daughters: Ermengard and Gerberge, wife of Guillaume (William) IV, Count of Angoulême.

Adele was living 6 Mar 974, but he married a second time 20 or 9 (sic) Mar 997 Adele, widow of Lambert I, Count of Chalon-sur-Saone, who died 22 Feb 978. They had one son, Maurice.

Geoffrey was killed in battle at Marçon (near Chateau-du-Loir, sic) 21 July 987 and was buried at Saint Martin de Tours. His widow was living in 999.

Does his second marriage mean Adele died before Geoffrey’s second marriage, or did he divorce her? Let’s say she died.

9. Ermengard of Anjou and Conan I (b. c. 922-992)

They are not famous either, so they don’t have their own post at this website. Here are the basics:

He was born about 922. Duke of Brittany, he was nicknamed le Tort (in modern French, that means “the Wrong” or “Culpable”). He was the son of Judicael Berengar, Count of Rennes, by his wife Gerberge.

Conan married Ermengard about 973.

They had four sons: Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany; Judicael, Bishop of Vannes; Catuallon, Abbot of Redon; and Urvod.

They had one daughter: Judith.

In 981 Conan fought in a battle against Guerich, Count of Nantes and his Angevin allies, which is called the first Battle of Conquereux. He was killed at the Second Battle of Conquereux near Nantes on 27 June 992.

10. Judith (d. 1017) and Richard II (d. 1026)

11. Robert I, Duke of Normandy (d. 1035) and Arlette (or Herleve or Herleva) (d. c. 1051)

12. William I Duke Normandy and King of England (b. c. 1028 to 1087) and Matilda of Flanders (d. 1083)

This “illegitimate” son, duke of Normandy, forever changed the course of English history. He was born at Falaise in 1027 or 1028, probably in the fall of 1028. His mother was Herleva, a girl of the town. He became the King of England on 25 Dec 1066 and before that he was the Duke of Normandy, a title he kept after becoming King. Matilda was the daughter of Baldwin duke of the Flemings and niece of Henry I, King of the French. Matilda’s mother Adela was the daughter of King Robert of France, sister of King Henry, Robert’s son. He died on 9 Sep 1087 in Rouen, France, the capital of Normandy.

13. Henry I of England (1068/9-1135) and Edith-Matilda of Scotland (1079-1118)

Henry was born in 1068 or 1069, between mid-May 1068 to 10 May 1069, probably in 1068. He was anointed and crowned king, Sunday 5 August 1100. She was the daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland and his Queen St. Margaret, the sister of Edgar the Atheling, the last Anglo-Saxon claimant to the throne of England. On 1 May 1118 Queen Matilda died. Henry died on 1 December 1135 in Rouen, France, probably from eating too many lamprey eels, against his physician’s orders. He was buried in the Cathedral of Reading, when it took over a month to transport the body across the Channel.

Henry had a daughter named Matilda (Maud), who married Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, on 7 Jan 1114. She had been crowned Queen of the Germans on St. James Day, 25 July 1110, in the early Romanesque Cathedral of Mainz by Frederick, archbishop of Cologne. Henry V died, and they had no issue, so her father Henry I called her back home. She was called Empress Matilda and married Geoffrey Count of Anjou, son of Fulk V, on 17 June 1128 in Le Mans, France. She was twenty-six and he was fifteen. He took the nickname Plantagenet.

14. Empress Matilda (1102-1167) and Geoffrey of Anjou (1113-1151)

She first married Heinrich / Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor. They had no issue. When he died, she moved back to Normandy and England kept her title Empress.

15. Henry II of England (1133-1189) and Eleanor of Aquitaine (b. c. 1124-1204)

He was born on 5 Mar 1133 at Le Mans to Empress Maud and Geoffrey of Anjou. Eleanor was born in 1124 (or 1122). She married (1) King Louis VII of France at thirteen on 25 July 1137 in the Cathedral of Bordeaux. He was a couple of years older than she. They had two daughters Marie and Adelicia. They divorced. She married Henry on 18 May 1152, in a low-key ceremony, swift and discreet. Henry was crowned king in Westminster Abbey on 19 Dec 1154, while Queen Eleanor was heavily pregnant. He died on 6 July 1189. She died in 1204, at 80 years old.

16.  John of England (1166-1249) and Isabel of Angoulême (1188-1246)

He’s the one who was compelled to sign the Magna Carta, thereafter used to proclaim freedom for the upper classes and eventually the lower ones.

He was born on 24 Dec 1167 at Beaumont Palace, Oxford. He was crowned King of England 27 May 1199 at Westminster Abbey. She was the daughter of Hamelin, 5th earl of Surrey, by Isabel, daughter and heiress of William of Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey. He died 18/19 Oct 1216.

He was considered a bad king because he was ruthless (had his nephew Prince Arthur, son of John’s brother Geoffrey, murdered); he lost France; and he signed the Magna Carta—bad for the Monarchy, but good for the barons (and eventually for us).

17. Richard and an unknown mistress

He was the second legitimate son of King John of England. He had a wide range of titles, too numerous to mention here, except Richard Earl of Cornwall and King of Germany and King of the Romans. He died testate at Berkhampstead, Hertfordshire 2 (or 3) Apr 1272 and was buried with his second wife Sanche (Sanchia) at Hailes Abbey, Gloucestershire, his heart being interred in the choir of the Church of the Grey Friars, Oxford.

18. Richard of Cornwall and Joan

He was an illegitimate son and Knight of Asthall and Ashall Leigh, Oxfordshire, Thonock, Lincolnshire and Cornwalls (in Iver), Buckinghamshire; Steward of Knaresborough. He married Joan before 1281, said to be daughter of John Fitz Alan by Maud, daughter of Thebaud le Botelier, 2nd lord Boteler. They had three sons: Edmund, Knight, Geoffrey, Knight and Richard (king’s clerk); and one daughter Joan. Richard was killed by an arrow at the siege of Berwick in 1296. He left a will, proved 17 Apr 1297. Joan was living 10 Oct 1321.

19. Joan of Cornwall and John Howard

They married in 1308/09 (date of settlement). He was Knight of Wiggenhall, East Winch and so on; sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk; Gentleman of the King’s Bedchamber; governor of Norwich Castle, son and heir of William Howard. They had one son John. John Sr. died shortly before 23 July 1331. His widow was living 25 Sep 1342.

20. John Howard and Alice de Bois

He was Knight of East Winch and Wiggenhall, Norfolk and so on. They married 11 Oct 1338. She was daughter of Robert de Blois, Knight. John was living 15 Nov 1356 and died sometime before 29 Apr 1364. Alice died 6 Sep 1372. They had Robert (next); Joan (married Peter de Brewes).

21. Robert Howard and Margaret de Scales

He was Knight of East winch, Fersfield, Garboldisham, South Clenchwarton, South Woorton and so on, Suffolk; Brokes in Ipswich, Suffolk and so on. He was son and heir and born about 1342 (aged 30 in 1372). He married Margaret or Margery before 10 Mar 1363. She was daughter of Robert de Scales, 3rd lord Scales of Newsells in barkway, Heretfordshire by Katherine, daughter of Robert de Ufford, Knight of the Garter, 1st Earl of Suffolk, lord Ufford. They had one son, John, and three daughters: Alice (nun at Thetford), Margaret and Katherine. He died testate at East Winch 18 July 1388. Margaret left a will dated 8 May 1416. They were buried in the south side of the chancel at East Winch.

22. John Howard and Alice Tendring

He was Knight of Wiggenhall, East Winch, Fersfield and Terrington, Norfolk and Brokes (near Ipswich), Suffolk; Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire, 1400-01 and 1414-15; Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshre, 1402-03; Knight of the Shire of Essex, Cambridgeshire, and Suffolk and so on. Alice is John’s second wife and is the daughter and heiress of William Tendring, Knight. They had two sons: Robert, Knight, and Henry, Esq. Alice died 18 Oct 1426 and left a will dated 13 Oct 1426, which was proved 20 Oct 1426, requesting burial in the south side of the church of Stoke, near her father. John died while on a pilgrimage at Jerusalem 17 Nov 1436. His body was returned to England for burial at Stoke by Alice. He left a will dated 1 Apr 1325, proved 1437.

23. Robert Howard and Margaret Mowbray

He was Knight of Stoke by Nayland, Suffolk, younger son by his father’s second marriage, born about 1384. He married Margaret after 21 Feb 1421/21 . She was daughter of Thomas Mowbray, Knight of the Garter, 1st duke of Norfolk, Earl of Nottingham, Earl Marshal (descendant of Edward I), by his second wife Elizabeth (descendant of King Edward I), daughter of Richard de Arundel, Knight of the Garter, Earl of Arundel and Surrey (descendant of King Henry III). Robert and Margaret one son, John, Knight of the Garter, duke of Norfolk; and two daughters: Margaret (wife of Thomas Daniel, Knight, Baron of Rathweir) and Katherine (next). He died before Apr 1436 (date of his father’s will). His widow, Margaret, remarried (John Grey, Knight of the Garter, 3rd lord Grey of Ruthin). She died shortly before 18 Oct 1459.

Note: King Edward I and King Henry III are Plantagenets, and they descend from William the Conqueror.

24. Katherine Howard and Edward Neville

He was Knight of Birling, Mereworth, etc.; Governor of Leeds Castle and Park (1451); Privy Councilor (1454), youngest son of Ralph Neville, Knight of the Garter, 1st Earl of Westmoreland, 4th lord Neville of Raby (descendant of King John), by his first wife Joan Beaufort, legitimated daughter of John of Gaunt, Knight of the Garter, duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster, Earl of Derby, Lincoln, and Leicester and son of King Edward III. Edward Neville married by papal dispensation dated 15 Oct 1448 (Katherine and Edward’s first wife being related in 3rd degree) Katherine Howard, daughter of Robert Howard, Knight, of Stoke, Nayland, Suffolk (descendant of King John), by Margaret, daughter of Thomas Mowbray, Knight of the Garter, 1st duke of Norfolk, Earl of Marshal, Earl of Nottingham, descendant of King Edward I. Edward and Katherine in the lifetime of his 1st wife cohabitated and were excommunicated, later absolved. They had two sons: Ralph and Edward; and three daughters: Margaret, Katherine, and Anne. Edward, lord Bergavenny, died 18 Oct 1476. His widow Katherine was living 29 June 1478.

Note: King John, Edward I, Edward III are Plantagenets, and they descend from William the Conqueror.

25. Katherine Neville and Robert Tanfield

He was an Esquire of Gayton, Northamptonshire, West Bagborough, Somerset, etc., son and heir, born about 1462 (aged 22 in 1484). She was daughter of Edward Neville, Knight, lord Begavenny by his second wife, Katherine, daughter of Robert Howard, Knight.  They had one son: William. Robert was heir to his uncle, William tanfield, esq., of Marston (in Cransley), Northamptonshire. Robert died shortly before 20 Sep 1504.

26. William Tanfield and Isabel (or Elizabeth) Stavely

He was an Esquire of Gayton, Northamptonshire and so on. Born about 1488 (aged 16 in 1504 and of age in 1509, aged 37 in 1525), he was son and heir by his father’s second marriage. Elizabeth was daughter of William Stavely, Esq. of Bignell, Buckinghamshire by his wife ___, daughter of Francis Esse (Knight). William and Isabel (Elizabeth) had four sons: Humphrey, Francis, Esq., Robert, Esq., and William. Three daughters: Elizabeth (wife of John Ashby), Ursula (wife of william Purcell), and Agnes (wife of Peter Molle). William died 6 Apr 1529 and left a will proved 26 Apr 1529. She died before 12 Jan 1546/47 (date of her son Francis’s will).

27.  Francis Tanfield and Bridget Cave

He was Esquire of Gayton, Ashley, Harpole, Ravensthorpe, and so on, son and heir, born about 1512 (aged 17 in 1529). She was daughter of Richard Cave, Esq. of Stanford-on-Avon, Northamptonshire, Sheriff of Northamptonshire, 1530-31, by his second wife, Margaret, daughter of John Saxby, Merchant of the Staple of Calais. They had four sons: Clement, Esq.; Robert, Abraham, and John; and six daughters: Margaret (wife of Maurice Trsham, Esq.), Dorothy (wife of Bartholomew Tate, Esq.), anne, Brdiget, Elizabeth, and Sarah. Francis died 21 Nov 1558. He left a will dated 12 Jan 1546/47, proved 12 Dec 1558. Bridget was buried 20 June 1583.

28. Anne Tanfield and Clement Vincent

He was an Esquire of Harpole, Northamptonshire, 3rd son of George Vincent, Esq. of Peckleton, Leicestershire, by his first wife Jane. They had three sons: Bryan (Rector of Uffington), George, and Francis; and one daughter: Elizabeth.

29. Elizabeth Vincent and Richard Lane

She was a legatee in the will of Elizabeth Lovett, widow successively of Anthony Cave (Gentleman); John Newdigate, Esq.; and Richard Weston, Esq. Richard is of Courteen Hall, Northamptonshire, son of Francis Lane of Bromley Hall, Staffordshire. They had two sons: Richard (Knight and Chief Baron of the Exchequer, lord Keeper of the Great Seal), and William; five daughters: Ann (wife of Robert Hunter), Dorothy, Elizabeth, (wife of John King), Sarah, and Mary. Richard and Elizabeth are buried in the church of Courteenhall, Northamptonshire.

30. Dorothy Lane and William Randolph

She was baptized at Courteenhall, Northamptonshire 4 Sep 1589. She first married Thomas West, Gentleman and had one son Richard and one daughter Elizabeth (wife of John Ladbrook). Thomas was buried at Hardington, Northamptonshire 26 Jan 1614/15. Then Dorothy married William Randolph on 30 Mar 1619, his second wife, at Hardington, Northamptonshire. He is of Little Houghton, Northamptonshire, son of Richard Randolph, Gentleman, of Hamsey, Sussex, by wife Rose, daughter of Thomas Roberts. William was born about 1570-72 and was steward to Edward Zouche, (lord Zouch) for more than thirty years. They had four sons: John, Richard (Gentleman), Henry, and George; three daughters: Anne, Margaret (wife of Roger Phillips), and Judith (wife of Henry Welton). He then married Elizabeth Smith, daughter of Thomas Smith, Gentleman of Newnham, Northamptonshire and had three sons and one daughter. William may be the William buried at Moreton-Morrell, Warwickshire in 1657.

31. Richard Randolph and Elizabeth Ryland

He was a Gentleman of Morton Hall in Moreton-Morrell, Warwickshire, 2nd son by his father’s second marriage. He was baptized at Little Houghton, Northamptonshire 24 Feb 1621/2. Elizabeth was daughter of John Ryland, Gentleman of Warwickshire. They had four sons: Richard, Col. William, Thomas, and John. Four daughters: Dorothy, Mary, Elizabeth, and Margaret. Richard died at Dublin, Ireland in May 1698.

Randolphs in America

32. Col. William Randolph

He was born 7 Nov 1650 and married, before 13 Nov 1678, Mary Isham, daughter of Capt. Henry Isham, Gentleman, of Henrico County, Virginia. William immigrated to Virginia in 1672, where he settled at Turkey Island in Henrico County.

William Randolph left a will in Henrico County, Virginia:

6 Mar 17__ (probably 1710)

Will of William Randolph, Gentleman

Turkey Island, County and Parish of Henrico

Being in 60th year of my age (pages missing)

To my wife Mary, for life, plantation, 400 acres, part of 1000 acres called Turkey Is. and at her death to my son William; also to her rest of land in Virginia, except land already disposed of; also to her land on Martin’s Swamp and an acre in Town of Bermuda Hundred;

To sons Thomas and Isham, 750 acres to be equally divided, my son Thomas to have his choice;

To sons Richard and John, 3 tracts I purchased of John Woodson, Samuel Knibb and John ____; 900 acres to be divided; to Richard the upper part and to John the lower part.

To son Edward all the tract in Chickahominy Swamp, between lands given to son William above Westham upper Cr and Tuckahoe Cr, being 3256 acres, purchased of Edmund Jennings, Esq., to be equally divided between sons Isham, Thomas, Richard, John and Edward. Son Isham to have the lower part adj. son William and then Thomas, Richard, John and Edward;

To son Isham half of lower island above Westham;

Land on north side of James R. above Turkey Island to son Edward; …

Daughters Stith and Bland, each a ring;

Executors wife and sons William, Henry and Thomas

Wits: illegible

Rec. 1 June 1713

(Wills and Deeds 1710-1714, pp. 215-18)

33. Isham Randolph

He left a will in Goochland County, Virginia (Goochland was formed out of Henrico in 1728).

6 Apr 1741

To prevent my creditor John Hanbury of London, Merchant, from being put to any difficulty in recovering money I owe him;

To enable my executrix to discharge and pay my promise to Peter Jefferson upon his marriage to my daughter Jane, £200 after Hanbury is paid;

My wife is to give my unmarried daughters £200 each; she may well sell some land and give money to my unmarried daughters and my three sons;

To my wife Jane all my land in Goochland Co. and Amelia Co. and all my slaves;

I have in my possession in right of my wife certain leasehold estates of yearly value and am entitled to certain sums of money jointly with her by decree in chancery chargeable on Kenton, the estate of William Lilburn, Esq., decd., in the Bishopric of Durham;

Also one other sum of money, the legacy of Elizabeth Lilburn, to be my executors when estate of Kenton is sold;

I confirm my wife my right therein;

William Randolph, Esq., Col. Richard Randolph, William Randolph, Jr., Beverly Randolph, and Peter Jackson to be guardians to my children;

Exec: my wife

Wits: Tarlton Fleming, William Redford, Hannah Fleming;

Signed Isham Randolph

Codicil: Negro Phyllis was given to my dau Mary by my sister Mary Stith, and negro girl Hannah was purchased by me with money given by Sir John Randolph, knight, for my dau; also 1 negro boy Slatee was given to my son William by my brother William Randolph, Esq. (same wits)

Rec. 21 Dec 1742

Deed Book 4, 110 (addendum)

35. Peter Jefferson and Jane Randolph

See marriage record, above.

For a post that covers the documents of the powerful Randolph family, please click here:

The Randolphs of Early Virginia

36.. Thomas Jefferson and Martha Wales Skelton

FIRST ADDENDUM

From Charlemagne to the Dukes and Counts of Aquitaine to Eleanor of Aquitaine

Eleanor married Henry II, the first Plantagenet.

I have not studied this path, but here are genealogical tables from credentialed Medievalists.

The first one comes from Marios Costambeys, Matthew Innes, and Simon MacLean. It says that Rotrude is the daughter of Louis Pious, Charlemagne’s son. She married Gerard or Gerald, the first in the line of the dukes of Aquitaine.

Bottom row, center-left: Online genealogists say that Rotrud (Rotrude) married Geraud or Gerard in the next table.

Alienor is Eleanor in French. She is at the bottom left who married (1) Louis VII roi / king of France and (2) Henri or Henry II, roi or king of England; Key: fondateur = founder; dit = said or called; Guillaume = William; duc = duke; comte = count; Rannoux can be Ranulf; Eudes = Odo; Hugues = Hugh; NOTE: Hugues / Hugh Capet is the father of Robert II, the Pious (see him in Warren’s tables)

Source: Jaquette Luquet-Juillet

Note: On the right under Guillaume / William III is Adele of Normandy. She is the daughter of Rolf, the original Viking, who made a deal with Charles the Simple, descendant of Charlemagne. Charles discovered it was better to settle Rolf in his own territory, about where Normandy is today, than to fight him.

As noted, Rolf’s Latinized name is Rollo. He is the great-great-great-grandfather of William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy and King of England. Rolf is the founder of the House of Normandy or the Normans.

Here’s a shorter version, with Bouchard’s table (above and Ralph V. Turner’s table. They track things a little differently, but they converge on William V, the Great.

So Eleanor descends from Charlemagne through the counts and dukes of Aquitaine.

SECOND ADDENDUM

Remember that William the Conqueror and Matilda descend from Charlemagne.

1.. William the Conqueror married Matilda of Flanders

2.. Henry I and mistress Ansfride, widow of Anskill (knight and tenant of Abingdon Abbey)

3.. Robert Fitz Roy marred Mabel Fitz Robert (“fitz” usually means “son” or “daughter,” and “Fitz Roy” means “son of king,” for roy or roi is French for “king”)

4..  William Fitz Robert (2nd earl of Gloucester) married Hawise of Leicester (daughter of Robert of Meulan, Knight, and 1st earl of Leicester)

5.. Amice of Gloucester married Richard de Clare (knight and 3rd earl of Hertford)

6.. Maude de Clare married William de Brewes of Bambert, Sussex

7.. John de Brewes married Margaret of Wales

8.. Richard of Brewes

He was knight of Stinton [in Salle] Norfolk and married Alice le Rus

9.. Margaret or Margery de Brewes married Roger de Coleville or Colville (knight)

10.. Elizabeth de Coleville married Ralph Basset

He was knight of the shire for Staffordshire

11.. Simon Basset

He was knight of Sapcote and Stony Stanton, Leicestershire and married Isabel le Boteler

12.. Ralph Basset

He was knight of Sapcote and Stony Stanton, Leicestershire and marred Subyl de Astley

13.. Alice Basset married Robert Moton

He was knight of Peckleton and Stapleton-in-Barwell, Leicester and son of William Moton (knight)

14.. William Moton

He was knight of Peckleton, Leicestershire and Stoke-Mandeville, Buckinghamshire and married Agnes

15.. Robert Moton

He was knight of Peckleton, Leicestershire and Cheadle, Staffordshire; knight of the shire for Leicestershire, sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire; he married Margaret or Margery Mallory (daughter of Anketil Mallory, knight of Kirkby Mallory, Leicestershire)

16.. Reginald Moton

He was Esquire of Peckleton, Leicestershire, married Margery Bugge

17.. Anne Moton

She married William Grymsby (Esquire of Drakelow)

18.. Anne Grymesby

She married Richard Vincent (Gentleman of Messingham, Lincolnshire)

19.. George Vincent

He was Esquire of Peckleton, Leicestershire (justice of the peace for Leicestershire) married Anne Slorey (sic)

20.. Elizabeth Vincent

She married Richard Lane of Courteenhall, Northamptonshire (one of his sons, Richard, knight, was Chief Baron of the Exchequer, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal)

21. Dorothy Lane

She married (2) William Randolph of Little Houghton, Northamptonshire, son of Robert Randolph (Gentleman)

22.. Richard Randolph

He was Gentleman of Morton Hall (in Morton Morell, Warwickshire married Elizabeth Ryland, daughter of John Ryland (Gentleman of Warwickshire). They had four sons: Richard, William, Thomas and John; and four daughters: Dorothy, Mary, Elizabeth, and Margaret.

Note: Other collateral lines show that the Randolphs descend from King Edward I and King Henry II.

RELATED

Peter Jefferson’s Last Will and Testament

George Washington’s Royal Lineage

James Monroe’s ancestors and family relations of Virginia

Gateway Ancestors of Virginia

Gateway Ancestors of the Middle Colonies

Gateway Ancestors of the Northeast

SOURCES

Matthias Becher, Charlemagne, trans. David S. Bachrach (New Haven: Yale UP, 1999, 2003).

Tracy Borman, Queen of the Conqueror: The Life of Matilda, Wife of William (Bantam, 2011).

Constance B. Bouchard, “The Origins of the French Nobility: A Reassessment.” The American Historical Review vol. 86, no. 1, Feb 1981, 501-32.

—, Those of My Blood: Constructing Noble Families in Medieval Francia (U Penn P 2001)

Jim Bradbury, The Capetians: Kings of France (Continuum, 2007).

Marjorie Chibnall, The Normans (Blackwell, 2000).

Marios Costambeys, Matthew Innes, and Simon MacLean, the Carolingian World (Cambridge UP, 2011).

David Crouch, The Normans: The History of the Dynasty (Hambledon and London, 2002).

David C. Douglas, William the Conqueror: The Norman Impact upon England (UC P, 1964).

Ivan Gobry, Robert II: Fils de Hugues Capet, Histoire des Rois de France (Pygmalion, 2005).

C. Warren Hollister and Amanda Clark Frost, Henry I, Yale English Monarchs (Yale UP, 2001).

Margaret Howell, Eleanor of Provence: Queenship in Thirteenth-Century England (Blackwell, 1998, 2001).

Dan Jones, The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England (Penguin, 2012).

Jacquette Luquet-Juillet, Occitanie: Terre de fatalité, Tome 1: Seigneurs et Peuples (Paris: Editions Dervy, 1997).

Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, eds. William W. Kibler and Grover A. Zinn (New York: Garland, 1995).

Nell Marion Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, 1623-1800, in Five Volumes, vol. 1 (Richmond: Press of the Dietz Printing Company, 1934)

John Carmi Parsons, Eleanor of Castile: Queen and Society in Thirteenth-Century England (St. Martin’s, 1995, 1998).

Michael Prestwich, Edward I, new ed. Yale Monarch series (Yale UP, 1997).

Pierre Riché, The Carolingians: A Family Who Forged Europe, trans. Michael Idormir Allen (U Penn P, 1993).

Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 volumes (Salt Lake: Published Privately, 2013).

W. L. Warren, King John, Yale Monarchs (Yale UP, 1961, 1978).

—. Warren, Henry II (Berkeley: University of California P, 1973).

Benjamin B. Weisiger, Colonial Wills of Henrico County, Virginia: Part One 1677-1737 (Athens, GA: Iberian, 1998 [orig. 1978])

—, Henrico County, Virginia, Colonial Deeds, 1677-1705 (Athens, Georgia: Iberian, 1996 [orig. 1986])

—, Henrico County, Virginia, Colonial Deeds, 1706-1737 (Athens, Georgia: Iberian, 1995 [orig. 1988])

—, Henrico County, Virginia, Colonial Deeds, 1737-1750 (Athens, GA: Iberian, 1995 [orig. 1988])

Kathleen Booth Williams, Marriages of Goochland County, Virginia, 1733-1815 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1979 1986 [orig. 1960])

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