Yes, he really does descend from Charlemagne to the French Capetians, William the Conqueror, and the Plantagenets.
This post is not about uncritical hero-worship. The facts are in. The Medieval elites left behind an adequate paper trail, so we can trace it back to Charlemagne, and French and English royalty.
Here’s the evidence. Click on the links, too.
The goal here is always to bring us to William the Conqueror and his great-grandson Henry II, the first Plantagenet.
From the encyclopedia Medieval France and the Carolingians:
For good measure, here are Constance Bouchard’s tables on the Carolingians:
It’s replete with information, revealing event he connection from Charlemagne to the dukes of Aquitaine, the ancestors of Eleanor of Aquitaine, who married Henry II, the first Plantagenet.
Another table by Bouchard:
Next, Michael Idomir Allen’s Table 8, which he put together for his translation of Pierre Riché’s the Carolingians, shows the connection between the Carolingians, Herbertines, and Robert (I) king of West Franks, a Robertian (Robertine):
Notice that Herbert I’s daughter married Robert I. He is the grandfather of Hugh Capet, the Founder of the Capetians.
Let’s keep going. Allen’s Table 4, illustrating the Robertians to Robert II, a Capetian. Note Beatrix’s reappearance in this table (m. to Robert I):
Yes, the Capetians descend from Charlemagne. For the primary source evidence, click on Herbert I, Count of Vermandois, and scroll down to the Addendum.
The above table leaves off with Robert II, the Pious.
Here is W. L. Warren’s table from his excellent biography Henry II, illustrating the connection between Robert II (the Pious) and the Normans (William the Conqueror) to Henry II.
In that table Robert the Pious is Robert II. He leads to the Capetians on the left, the dukes of Aquitaine and their famous descendant Eleanor in the middle, and the Normans on right. On the left are the Capetians. He descends from them from all of them.
Let’s look at the Capetians in a fuller table:
In the above table, on the right is Pierre (Peter), son of Louis V. Pierre / Peter had a granddaughter named Isabel of Angoulême (not shown), who married King John of England, Plantagenet (see below).
Let’s take stock. So far we traced them down to King Henry II (in the table above the Capetians).
Dan Jones’s table from his book the Plantagenets:
The simplest table of all is by Tracy Borman, who wrote a biography about William the Conqueror’s wife, Matilda of Flanders. Matilda’s line goes right back to Charlemagne:
Matilda and William are on the bottom right. Remember, William the Conqueror is the great-grandfather of Henry II, the first Plantagenet.
Let’s back up and look at the Viking side. The lineage will also go through William the Conqueror, then Henry I, Empress Matilda, and reach Henry II. Here are Marjorie Chibnall’s first two tables on the House of Normandy:
And that last table, above, brings us to Henry II again.
Here is C. Warren Hollister’s table of the House of Normandy to the Plantagenets:
So we have these links in the chain from Rollo (Rolf the Viking) to Henry II, the first Plantagenet:
Let’s summarize the information in the tables.
There is a new line from Charlemagne to the Capetians and to the House of Normandy, going through Beatrix, daughter of Herbert I, a male descendant of Charlemagne, and Beatrix married Robert I, who was a very early founder (of sorts) of the Capetians (see Line B, below). The line is new because Richardson does not cover it, and for lineage societies, his impressive five-volume Royal Ancestry and three-volume Plantagenet Ancestry (2nd ed.) are authoritative.
Once again, the Capetians descend from Charlemagne. For the primary source evidence, click on Herbert I, Count of Vermandois, and scroll down to the Addendum.
Next, the hinge figure is Robert II, Capetian. He is the link to the Capetians, the Normans, and the dukes to Aquitaine down to Henry II of England.
Henry II (Henry of Anjou) is the transitional figure from the Houses of Normandy to Anjou and Plantagenets. Henry’s father Geoffrey was the Count of Anjou and wore a yellow broom blossom called a planta genista in Latin, or Plantagenet:
In a nutshell: Normans → Angevins → Plantagenets.
We don’t keep track of the line that goes from Charlemagne to Eleanor of Aquitaine, but Bouchard’s table says it is well linked from one generation to the next.
b.. = born
d.. = died
c.. or ca.. = circa = around or about
There are four lines from Charlemagne to President Washington. At the end is an addendum that goes from him to Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife of Henry II, the first Plantagenet.
Carolingians to Herbertine, Normans, and Plantagenets
The family of Vermandois is known also as the Herbertines, after several ancestors named Herbert.
William the Conqueror and his father Robert I (no. 11, below) and his grandfather Richard II (no. 10) are Normans or of the House of Normandy.
Our Line A here (and Richardson’s Line A in volume 5 of Royal Ancestry) follows Allen’s Table 8 and the Herbertine line down to the Normans.
The first four generations are Carolingians.
1.. Charlemagne (748-814) and Hildegard (d. 783)
2.. Pippin (773-810) and Mistress
3.. Bernard (b. c. 797-818) and Cunegonde
4.. Pippin (d. after 840) and Wife
5.. Herbert I (b. c. 850- d. c. 900-07) and Wife
He was the Count of Vermandois, and this lineage is known as the Herbertines.
6.. Herbert II (880-943) and Adele of France
She was the daughter of Robert I (see Line B no. 6, below)
7.. Robert (b. c. 931-34 – d. after 966) and Adelaide (Werra) (d. after 967)
Historians don’t cover him in a separate book, since he is not as famous as his some of his ancestors and descendants.
But he is a link in our chain, and here are his vital statistics.
He was born between 931 and 934. He was Count of Meaux from 946 and after 966. In right of his wife he became Count of Troyes. He married Adelaide before 18 June 950. She was the daughter of Giselbert, Duke of Burgundy, Count of Chalon-sur-Saone, Troyes, Autun, Avalois, and Beaunois, by his wife Ermengard.
They had one son: Herbert, Count of Meaux and Troyes; and one daughter: Adele.
Robert died probably died after 19 June 966. His wife Adelaide was living in Aug 967.
8.. Adele (d. before 979) and Geoffrey I Greymantle (d. 987)
They are not as famous as some of their ancestors or descendants, so historians don’t cover them thoroughly, but they are important to us, so here are their vital facts:
They married in about 965. He was the Count of Anjou in 958 or 960 to 987. He was Count of Chalon, 979-987. He was the son of Foulques (Fulk), the Good, Count of Anjou, by his wife Gerberge. His nickname in French is Grisegonelle or Greymantle in English.
They had two sons: Foulques (Fulk) III Nerra, Count of Anjou; and Geoffrey.
They had two daughters: Ermengard and Gerberge, wife of Guillaume (William) IV, Count of Angoulême.
Adele was living 6 Mar 974, but he married a second time 20 or 9 (sic) Mar 997 Adele, widow of Lambert I, Count of Chalon-sur-Saone, who died 22 Feb 978. They had one son, Maurice.
Geoffrey was killed in battle at Marçon (near Chateau-du-Loir, sic) 21 July 987 and was buried at Saint Martin de Tours. His widow was living in 999.
Does his second marriage mean Adele died before Geoffrey’s second marriage, or did he divorce her? Let’s say she died.
9.. Ermengard of Anjou and Conan I (b. c. 922-992)
They are not famous either, so they don’t have their own post at this website. Here are the basics:
He was born about 922. Duke of Brittany, he was nicknamed le Tort (in modern French, that means “the Wrong” or “Culpable”). He was the son of Judicael Berengar, Count of Rennes, by his wife Gerberge.
Conan married Ermengard about 973.
They had four sons: Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany; Judicael, Bishop of Vannes; Catuallon, Abbot of Redon; and Urvod.
They had one daughter: Judith.
In 981 Conan fought in a battle against Guerich, Count of Nantes and his Angevin allies, which is called the first Battle of Conquereux. He was killed at the Second Battle of Conquereux near Nantes on 27 June 992.
10.. Judith (d. 1017) and Richard II (d. 1026)
11.. Robert I, Duke of Normandy (d. 1035) and Arlette (or Herleve or Herleva) (d. c. 1051)
13.. Henry I of England (1068/9-1135) and Edith-Matilda of Scotland (1079-1118)
14.. Empress Matilda (1102-1167) and Geoffrey of Anjou (1113-1151)
She first married Heinrich / Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor. They had no issue. When he died, she moved back to Normandy and England kept her title Empress.
See below for genealogical tables that trace Eleanor’s lineage all the way back to Charlemagne.
16.. John of England (1166-1249) and Isabel of Angoulême (1188-1246)
He’s the one who was compelled to sign the Magna Carta, thereafter used to proclaim freedom for the upper classes and eventually the lower ones.
This “illegitimate” son, duke of Normandy, forever changed the course of English history. He was born at Falaise in 1027 or 1028, probably in the fall of 1028. His mother was Herleva, a girl of the town. He became the King of England on 25 Dec 1066 and before that he was the Duke of Normandy, a title he kept after becoming King. Matilda was the daughter of Baldwin duke of the Flemings and niece of Henry I, King of the French. Matilda’s mother Adela was the daughter of King Robert of France, sister of King Henry, Robert’s son. He died on 9 Sep 1087 in Rouen, France, the capital of Normandy.
Henry was born in 1068 or 1069, between mid-May 1068 to 10 May 1069, probably in 1068. He was anointed and crowned king, Sunday 5 August 1100. She was the daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland and his Queen St. Margaret, the sister of Edgar the Atheling, the last Anglo-Saxon claimant to the throne of England. On 1 May 1118 Queen Matilda died. Henry died on 1 December 1135 in Rouen, France, probably from eating too many lamprey eels, against his physician’s orders. He was buried in the Cathedral of Reading, when it took over a month to transport the body across the Channel.
Henry had a daughter named Matilda (Maud), who married Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, on 7 Jan 1114. She had been crowned Queen of the Germans on St. James Day, 25 July 1110, in the early Romanesque Cathedral of Mainz by Frederick, archbishop of Cologne. Henry V died, and they had no issue, so her father Henry I called her back home. She was called Empress Matilda and married Geoffrey Count of Anjou, son of Fulk V, on 17 June 1128 in Le Mans, France. She was twenty-six and he was fifteen. He took the nickname Plantagenet.
It is Empress Matilda’s son who is Henry II, next.
He was born on 5 Mar 1133 at Le Mans to Empress Maud and Geoffrey of Anjou. Eleanor was born in 1124 (or 1122). She married (1) King Louis VII of France at thirteen on 25 July 1137 in the Cathedral of Bordeaux. He was a couple of years older than she. They had two daughters Marie and Adelicia. They divorced. She married Henry on 18 May 1152, in a low-key ceremony, swift and discreet. Henry was crowned king in Westminster Abbey on 19 Dec 1154, while Queen Eleanor was heavily pregnant. He died on 6 July 1189. She died in 1204, at 80 years old.
- King John and a mistress Clemence ____
He was born on 24 Dec 1167 at Beaumont Palace, Oxford. He was crowned King of England 27 May 1199 at Westminster Abbey. She was the daughter of Hamelin, 5th earl of Surrey, by Isabel, daughter and heiress of William of Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey. He died 18/19 Oct 1216.
He was considered a bad king because he was ruthless (had his nephew Prince Arthur, son of John’s brother Geoffrey, murdered); he lost France; and he signed the Magna Carta—bad for the Monarchy, but good for the barons (and eventually for us).
For more about him, please click on King John (onsite).
- Joan of England m. Llywelyn ap Iorwerth
Born in or before 1189, she was the illegitimate daughter of King John. She married before 23 Mar 1204/5. He was the Prince of North Wales, Prince of Aberffaw, Lord of Snowden, son and heir of Iorwerth ab Owain, lord of Nant Conwy, by Margaret (or Margery), daughter of Madog ap Maredudd. He was born in 1173. They had one son Dafydd (Prince of Wales) and several daughters: Gwladus Ddu, Ellen, Susanna et al. Joan was legitimized by Pope Honorius III in 1226. She died at Aber 2 Feb 1237. He died at Aberconway Abbey on 11 Apr 1240.
- Gwladus Ddu of Wales m. (2) Ralph of Mortimer
He was Knight of Wigmore, Hereford, Headbourne Worthy, Hampshire, etc. Constable of Clun Castle, Shropshire; younger son of Roger of Mortimer by Isabel, daughter Walkelin de Ferrers. They had four sons: Roger, Knight; Peter; John, Clerk; and Hugh; and one daughter Joan (wife of Peter Corbet). Ralph died testate 6 Aug 1246 and was buried at Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire. She died at Windsor, Berkshire in 1251 and was buried at Wigmore Abbey.
- Roger of Mortimer m. Maud of Brewes (or Breuse)
He was Knight of Wigmore, Herefordshire, Headbourne Worthy, Hampshire, etc.; Captain General of the Marches; Constable of Clun and Hereford Castles; Sheriff of Herefordshire 1266-67; son and heir, born at his father’s castle at Cwaron about 1231, He marred Maud in about 1247. Sir Roger de Mortimer died testate at Kingsland, Herefordshire on 27 Oct 1282 and was buried at Wigmore, Herefordshire. She died 16 Mar 1300/1.
- Edmund of Mortimer m. Margaret of Fiennes (or Fienles)
He was Knight of Wigmore, Herefordshire, Headbourne Worthy, Hampshire, etc.; Baron of Radnor, joint Keeper of Stetdeuwy and Cardiganshire 1287; 2nd son, but 1st surviving son and heir. He was born about 1251-54 (aged 28-30) in 1282 and aged 40 in 1301). He married Margaret before 12 Dec 1285 (date of settlement). She was the daughter of Guillaume (or William) de Fiennes, Knight, of Wendover, Buckinghamshire etc. They had five sons: Roger (Knight and 1st Earl of March); John; Hugh, Clerk; Walter, Clerk; and four daughters: Maud, Joan (nun at Lingbrook); Elizabeth (nun), and Eleanor. He died, 1st lord of Mortimer, after being wounded at the Battle of Builth 17 July 1304 and was buried at Wigmore Abbey. He died testate. Margaret, Lady Mortimer, died 7 Feb 1333/4.
- Roger of Mortimer m. Joan de Geneville (or Joinville)
He was born 3 May 1286 or 25 Apr 1287. He was Knight of Wigmore, Herefordshire, Headbourne Worthy, Hampshire, etc. Guardian and Lieutenant of Ireland (1316-21); Justiciar of Ireland (1619), Steward of the Household of Queen Isable (1325), Chief Justiciar of all Wales (1327), Warden of Glamorgan and Morgannoc (1327), Warden of Pembrokeshire (1329), and so on. He married Joan at Pembridge on 20 Sep 1301. She was the eldest daughter and co-heiress of Peter de Geneville, Knight, of Ludlow, Shropshire by Joan, daughter of Hugues de Lusignan. She was born 2 Feb 1285/6. He was created Earl of March on 29 Sep 1328. He was not on King Edward III’s side, so he was captured and hanged and quartered at Tyburn Elms 29 Nov 1330. Joan, Countess of March died 19 Oct 1356.
- Maud de Mortimer m. John de Cherleton (or Charleton)
He was born about 1316 (aged 37 in 1353). He was Knight, 2nd Lord Cherleton of Powis, North Wales; of Pole (Welshpool) Montgomeryshire, Pontesbury, Shropshire, etc. Chamberlain of the Household to King Edward III’ John was son and heir of John de Cherleton Maud married John before 13 Apr 1319. They had two sons: John, Knight (3rd Lord Cherleton) and Roger, Knight; and one daughter Joan. Sir John de Cherleton, 2nd lord Cherleton of Powis, died shortly before 30 Aug 1360.
- John of Cherleton m. Joan de Stafford
He was Knight, 3rd lord Cherleton, feudal lord of Powis, Montgomeryshire, son and heir, born about 1334 (aged 26 in 1360). He married Joan in or before 1344. She was daughter of Ralph de Stafford, Knight of the Garter, 1st Earl of Stafford, 2nd lord of Stafford, by his second wife Margaret, daughter and heiress of Hugh de Audley, Knight, Earl of Gloucester. They had two sons: John (4th Earl of Cherleton) and Edward, Knight of the Garter (5th Lord Cherleton). Sir John Cherleton, 3rd lord Cherleton, died 13 July 1374 and was buried at Strata Florida Abbey, Cardiganshire 20 Aug 1374
- Edward Cherleton m. Eleanor Holland
He was born about 1371 (aged 30 in 1401) and was Knight of the Garter, 5th lord Cherleton, feudal lord of Powis, younger son. He married Eleanor shortly after 19 June 1399 (date of license). She was the widow of Roger Mortimer, Knight, Earl of March and Ulster, Lord Mortimer (d. 1398). She was born 13 Oct 1370. They had two daughters Joan and Joyce. His wife died in childbirth 23 Oct 1405. His second wife was Elizabeth Berkeley, daughter of John, Knight of Beverstone, Gloucestershire. Elizabeth married John Sutton (or Dudley). Sir Edward Cherleton, 5th lord Cherleton, died testate 14 Mar 1420/1.
- Joyce Cherleton m. John Tiptoft
He was born about 1383 (aged 30 in 1413. He was Knight of Bath of Burwell, Eversden and Harston, Cambridgeshire; Knight of the Shire of Huntingdonshire; Knight of the Shire for Somerset; Speaker of the House of Commons; Treasurer of the Household; Chief Butler; Lord High Treasurer, 1408-10; Seneschal of Landes and Aquitaine; Councilor of Regency; Steward of the Household, and son and heir. In 1417 he indentured himself to serve the king in his second invasion of France. His second wife, she was born 1403-05 (aged 18 in 1421 and 20 in 1425). He and Joyce were married by license dated 28 Feb 1421/2. She was daughter and co-heiress of Edward Cherleton, Knight of the Garter, Lord Cherleton, feudal lord of Powis. They had one son John and three daughters Philippe, Joan, and Joyce. Sir John Tiptoft, 1st lord Tiptoft and Powis died on 27 Jan 1442/3. Joyce, Lady Tiptoft and Powis, died on 22 Sept 1456 and was buried on the north side of the altar in the church of Enfield, Middlesex.
- Edmund Sutton m. Joyce Tiptoft
He was Knight, of Dudley (in Sedgely) Saffordshire, Gatcombe, Hampshire and Appletree and Aston-le-Walls, Northamptonshire, son and heir apparent. She was the youngest and third daughter of John Tiptoft, Knight, 1st lord Tiptoft and Powis by John’s second wife Joyce, younger daughter and co-heiress of Edward Cherleton, Knight of the Garter, Edmund and Joyce had two sons: Edward, Knight of the Garter and Knight of Bath and 2nd lord Dudley, and John, Esq., and one daughter Joyce (wife of Edward Benstead, Knight). Edmund attended the coronation of Richard III in 1483. Edmund was living 6 July 1483 and died before a lawsuit 1485-86.
- John Dudley m. Anne Clarell
He was born before 1544 and was an Esquire of Aston le Walls, Appletree and West Wardon, Northamptonshire, second son. He left behind legal records (not summarized here). He m. Anne, daughter of Richard Clarell, of Edgecot, Northamptonshire.
- Margaret Dudley m. John Butler
He was the second son of Ralph Butler of Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire. He was granted the reversion of the manor of Aston le Walls and Appletree by his wife’s uncle Edward Sutton, Knight (Lord Dudley) and his son John Sutton (or Dudley), Knight, to be received after the death of his wife’s father, John Dudley, Esq. He was buried 17 April 1563 and she was buried 14 Oct 1558.
- William Butler m. Margaret Greeke
They had four sons and two daughters, one of whom was Margaret. He died at an unknown date, and his widow remarried to William Mill, who died 16 July 1608 and left a will, proved 29 July 1608, naming Butler’s children.
- Margaret Butler m. Lawrence Washington, Gent.
He was born about 1658. They married 3 Aug 1588. They had eight sons, one of whom was Rev. Lawrence. Their sons achieved knighthood or gentleman status. They also had nine daughters (!), many of whom m. knights or esquires or gentlemen. She died 16 Mar 1651/2 and was buried at E. Haddon, Northamptonshire, and he died intestate 13 Dec. 1616 and was buried at St. Michael’s Brington, Northamptonshire.
- Rev. Lawrence Washington m. Amphyllis Twigden
He was the fifth son and was born about 1602 (aged 19 in 1621). He was educated at Brasenose College, Oxford (B.A. Degree, 1623; Fellow 1624; M.A. degree 1626; Lector 1627-31; Proctor, Bachelor of Divinity, 1634). She was the daughter of John Twigden by Anne, daughter of William Dicken. She was baptized at Spratton, Northamptonshire 2 Feb 1601/2. They had three sons: John (later Colonel), Lawrence, and William; and three daughters: Elizabeth (wife of ___ Rumbold), Margaret (wife of George Talbot), and Martha. Rev. Lawrence was Rector of Purleigh, Essex under the patronage of a royalist (during the English Civil War). He was buried at Maldon, Essex, 21 Jan 1652/3. His widow was buried at Tring, Hertfordshire 12 Jan 1654/5. Administration of her estate was granted her son John on 8 Feb. 1655.
(+A) Col. John Washington, Gent., was born about 1634. He was a legatee in the 1649 will of Andrew Knowling. He immigrated in the Sea Horse of London to Virginia in 1656, where he settled at Washington Parish, Westmoreland County. He married (1) Anne Pope, daughter of Lt. Col. Nathaniel Pope, Gent., of the Cliffs, Westmoreland County. They had two sons: Lawrence (later Captain) and John; and one daughter Anne (wife of Maj. Francis Wright). His wife Anne died 1668. He married (2) Anne Gerard, widow of Walter Broadhurst (d. 1658) and Henry Brett. He m. (3) Frances Gerard, widow successively of Col. Thomas Speaker, Col. Valentine Peyton, and Capt. John Appleton. He commanded the Virginia forces in the Indian War of 1675 and was a member of the House of Burgesses for Westmoreland County. He left a will dated 21 Feb 1675 and proved 11 Jan 1677.
(B) Lawrence Washington was baptized at Tring, Hertfordshire 18 June 1635. He too was a legatee in the 1649 will of Andrew Knowling. He immigrated sometime prior to May 1659 to Westmoreland County, Virginia. He returned to England, where he became a merchant of Luton, Bedfordshire. He married (1) Mary Jones at Luton, Bedforshire on 26 June 1660. She was the daughter of Edmund Jones, Gent. They had one son Charles, and one daughter Mary (wife of Rev. Edward Gibson). Lawrence immigrated again to Virginia shortly before 27 Sept. 1667, where he settled in Rappahannock County, Virginia. He married (2) Joyce Jones, widow of Anthony Hoskins (will proved 16 Aug 1665) and Capt. Alexander Fleming (will dated Jan 1668/9) and daughter of Capt. William Jones of Northampton County, Virginia by his wife Elizabeth. They had one son John and one daughter Ann. Lawrence left a will dated 27 Sept 1675 and proved 6 June 1677. His widow m. (4) before 7 Apr 1677 James Yates, cooper. She died sometime before Jan 1685/6.
C. Martha Washington immigrated to Virginia in 1678, where she married Samuel Hayward ( Howard?), justice of the peace and Burgess, clerk of Stafford County, Virginia, son of Nicholas Hayward of London, merchant. They had no issue.
For transcriptions of will for the next three generations, please click on George Washington’s Direct Lineage in Virginia.
+20A. John Washington m. Anne Pope
- Lawrence Washington m. Margaret Warner
- Augustine Washington m. Mary Ball
- George Washington
Remember, see this link for more information on 21-23:
Remember, William the Conqueror and his wife Matilda of Flanders both descend from Charlemagne.
- William the Conqueror
- Henry I
- Henry II
For more about the first three monarchs, see Line A, above.
- William Longespée (his nickname means Longsword) m. Ela of Salisbury
He was Earl of Salisbury, illegitimate son of Henry II.
- Ela Longespée and James de Audley
They married 12 June 1244 (date of fine). They had five sons: James (Knight), Henry, William (Knight), Nicholas (Knight), and Hugh (Knight). One daughter: Joan. One illegitimate son James by his mistress Alice de Mohum. He died in Ireland about 11 June 1272 by breaking a neck. Ela died shortly before 22 Nov 1299.
For more about William (no. 4) and his daughter Ela, see William Longsword: His Medieval Life and His American Descendants.
- Hugh de Audley (or Aldithley) m. Iseult
He was Knight, of Stratton Audley, Oxfordshire, Raunds Northamptonshire and Bradwell and Chesterton (both Wolstanton), Gratton and Mere, Staffordshire; Justice of North Wales; Steward of the King’s Household; Constable of Montgomery Castle; Sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire, 1312-14; younger son. Her parentage is unclear at this point of research. They had two sons James, Knight; and Hugh, Knight, and lord Audley, Earl of Gloucester; and one daughter Alice. Hugh took part in the Scottish and French Wars for King Edward I. He was taken prisoner in Gascony, France, in 1299. He joined the rebellion of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster in 1322, but surrendered before the Battle of Boroughbridge. He died while a prisoner in Wallingford Castle, Berkshire, shortly before 1 Apr 1325. She died testate before 4 Aug 1338.
- Hugh de Audley m. Margaret de Clare
Knight, of Great Marcle, Herefordshire, King’s bachelor; sheriff of Rutland, 1317-18, 1327-47; Chief Warden of the Ports and Coasts of Essex, Middlesex and Hertford, 1336; Joint Marshal of the Host (English army in Flanders), 1339; 2nd son, born about 1289. He married her in the King’s Chapel at Windsor, Berkshire, 19 June 1312. She was the second daughter of Gilbert do Clare, Knight, Earl of Gloucester, by his second wife John of England (daughter of King Edward I). She was born about 1292-93. They had one daughter Margaret. He was created Earl of Gloucester 16 Mar 1336/7. His wife Margaret died 9 Apr 1342. He died testate 10 Nov 1347
- Margaret de Audley m. Ralph de Stafford
She was born about 1322-24 (aged 18 or 20 in 1342). She married him before 6 July 1336 (as his second wife). He was Knight of the Garter, 2nd lord Stafford, of Stafford, Staffordshire; Steward of the King’s Household, 1337-47; Privy Councilor, 1337; Chief Justice of Chester and Flint, 1341; Seneschal of Aquitaine, 1345; Governor of Aguillon, 1345; Lieutenant and Captain in the Duchy of Aquitaine, 1352; Privy Councilor, of Ireland, 1361. She died 7 Sep 1349. In 1350 he was present at the naval Battle of Winchelsea. He died testate 31 Aug 1372 and was buried at Tonbridge, Kent, with his second wife at the feet of her parents.
- Joan de Stafford m. John de Cherleton
See no. 11 in Line A.
Remember, William the Conqueror and his wife Matilda of Flanders both descend from Charlemagne.
- William the Conqueror
- Henry I and an unknown mistress
- Robert Fitzroy m. Mabel Fitz Robert
Seigeur (lord) of Creuilly in Calvados and Torigny in Manche, Normandy, he was born probably in 1090. He married before 1122 Mabel Fitz Robert, daughter and heiress of Robert Fitz Hamon of Gloucester, Bristol, Tewkesbury and Cardiff, etc. They had six sons: William (Earl of Gloucester), Philip, Hamon, Roger (Bishop of Worcester), Richard (seigneur of Creuilly), and Robert; two daughters: Maud and Mabel. He also had an illegitimate son by unknown mistress Richard (Bishop of Bayeux). Robert was made Earl of Gloucester between June and Sep 1122. He died at Bristol 31 Oct 1147. Mabel, countess of Gloucester, died 29 Sep 1157.
- Maud of Gloucester m. Ranulph de Gernons
He was a Knight and 5th Earl of Chester, lord of Eastham and Macclesfield, Chesire, Coventry, Warwickshire, Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, and Greetham, Lincolnshire, etc. hereditary Vicomte of Avranches in Normandy. He was born probably in 1105. They had two sons, Hugh (6th Earl of Chester) and Richard. By an unknown mistress he had an illegitimate son Robert Fitz Count. He died at Gresley, Derbyshire, 17 Dec 1153 and was buried at St. Werburg’s, Chester. Maud, Countess of Chester, died 29 July 1189.
- Hugh and an unknown mistress
He was born probably in 1141 (of age in 1162). He was 6th Earl of Chester, Vicomte of Avranche, Normandy, etc. In 1169 He married Bertrade de Montfort, daughter of Simon de Montfort, Count of Evreux. By an unknown mistress he had some sons and one daughter Amice. Bertrade, Countess of Chester, died in 1227 after 31 March. He died at Leek, Staffordshire 30 June 1181 and was buried next to his father in the chapter house of St. Werburg’s, Chester.
- Amice of Chester m. Ralph de Mainwaring
They married by settlement dated 1178-80. He was Seneschal of Chester. They had two sons, Roger (Knight) and Randle and one daughter Bertrade.
- Bertrade de Mainwaring m. Henry de Audley (Aldilthey or Aldithelgh)
He was of Heleigh (in Audley); sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire, 1227-28, 1229-32. His widow was living 3 Nov 1249 (date of fine).
- James de Audley m. Ela Longespée
See no. 5 in Line B
William the Conqueror and his wife Matilda of Flanders descend from Charlemagne.
- William the Conqueror
- Henry I
- Henry II
- William Longsword
For more on those four forebears, please see the previous lines.
- Stephen Longespée m. Emeline de Ridelisford
He was a Knight of King’s Sutton, Northamptonshire; Great Gaddesden, Hertfordhire; Stokes, Oxfordshire; and Wanborough, Wiltshire; Seneschal of Gascony; Justiciar of Ireland; Constable of Bourg-sur-Mer and so on. They married between 8 Feb 1242/3 and 16 Dec 1244. They had two daughters: Ela and emeline. He died testate shortly before 25 June 1260 and was buried at Lacock Priory, Wiltshire. Emeline, Countess of Ulster, died between 18 May 1275 and 19 July 1276.
- Ela Longespée m. Roger La Zouche
He was born about 1240-42 (aged 28 or 30 in 1270). He was Knight of Ashby de la Zouche, Leicestershire; North Molton, Devon; andBrackley, Northamptonshire.They had two sons: Alan (Knight and lord Zouche) and John. Ela died before 19 July 1276. He died shortly before 15 Oct. 1285.
- Alan la Zouche m. Eleanor of Segrave
He was born at North Molton, Devon, on 9 Oct 1267. He took over his father’s lands and added a few areas of his own. They had three daughters: Ellen, Maud, and Elizabeth (nun at Brewood). He was summoned in 1308 to the Coronation of King Edward II. Sir Alan la Zouche, lord Zouche, died shortly before 25 Mar 1313/4 and was buried at Brackley, Northamptonshire.
- Maud la Zouche m. Robert de Holand
She was born about 1290 (aged 24 in 1314. She married Robert before 1309/10, being contracted to marry in or before 1305/06. He was a Knight and oversaw many territories. They had four sons: Robert (Knight and 2nd lord Holand), Thomas (Knight of the Garter and Earl of Kent); Otes (Knight of the Garter), and Allan. Five daughters: Isabel, Margaret, Maud, Elizabeth, and Elanor (wife of John Darcy (Knight and 2nd lord Darcy of Knaith). His connection Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, ensured he had access to wealth. In Earl Thomas’s final rsing Robert was weak and left. Thomas’s adherents captured him and cut off his head in 7 Oct 1328, in Boreham, Elstree, Hertfordshire. His body was buried at Grey Friars, Preston, Lancashire. He died testate. Maud died 31 May 1349 and was buried at Brackley, Northamptonshire.
- Thomas Holand m. Joan of Kent
She was nicknamed Fair Maid of Kent. She was born 29 Sep 1328 (aged 24 or 26 in 1253). He was born in or before 1319 (aged 40 and more in 1359. Shortly before May 1340 she clandestinely married Thomas. He acquired many territories, which he oversaw as Knight. In 137 King Edward III awarded him the sum of 80,000 florins in exchange for the Count of Eu. In 1348 he was a founder of the Knight of the Order of the Garter. Thomas and Joan had three sons: Thomas (Knight of the Garter and Earl of Kent), Edmund, and John (Knight of the Garter and Duke of Exeter and Earl of Huntingdon) and two daughters: Joan and Maud. Somewhere along the ling he got an earldom. He died in Normandy, France, on 26 (or 28) Dec 1360 and was buried in the Church of the Grey friars, Stamford, Lincolnshire. Joan went on to marry Edward of Woodstock (nicknamed the Black Prince), Knight of the Garter, Prince of Wales, Earl of Chester, Duke of Cornwall, Prince of Aquitaine. They had two sons: Edward of Angoulême and Richard of Bordeaux. Joan, Princess of Wales, died testate at Wallingford Castle, Berkshire 7 (0r 8) Aug 1385 and was buried in the Church of the Grey friars, Stamford, Lincolnshire.
- Thomas de Holand m. Alice Arundel
He was born about 1350-51 (aged nine or ten in 1360 and 30 in 1385). He married Alice shortly after 10 Apr 1364 (by dispensation dated 29 Aug 1363, they being related in the 4th degree of kindred). She descended from Richard de Arundel, Knight, 10th Earl of Arundel, 9th Earl of Surrey (descendant of King John), by his second wife Eleanor, daughter of Henry of Lancaster, Knight, Earl of Lancaster and Leicester (grandson of King Henry III. Thomas was Knight of the Garter, earl of Kent, lord Holand, 6th lord Wake, lord Woodstock and so on. Thomas and Alice had four sons: Thomas (Knight of the Gatter, 3rd Earl of Kent, duke of surrey, 7th lord Wake), John Richard, clerk, and Edmund (4th Earl of Kent, 8th lord Wake, lord Woodstock, lord Holand; and seven daughters: Eleanor, Joan, Elanor (again), Margaret, Elizabeth, anne, and Bridget (nun). He died testate 25 Apr 1397 and was buried at Bourne Abbey, Lincolnshire. His widow Alice, Countess of Kent, died intestate 17 Mar 1415/16.
This line shows that President Washington descends from King John by another route than John’s mistress, and he descends from Henry III.
- Eleanor of Holand m. (1) Roger Mortimer and (2) Edward Cherleton
See no. 12, Line A.
FROM CHARLEMAGNE TO THE DUKES OF AQUITAINE AND ELEANOR OF AQUITAINE
She married Henry II. I have not studied this path, but here are genealogical tables from credentialed Medievalists.
The first one comes from Marios Costambeys, Matthew Innes, and Simon MacLean. It says that Rotrude is the daughter of Louis Pious, Charlemagne’s son. She married Gerard or Gerald, the first in the line of the dukes of Aquitaine.
Yes, Eleanor descends from Charlemagne through the counts and dukes of Aquitaine.
Source: Jaquette Luquet-Juillet
Note: On the right under Guillaume / William III is Adele of Normandy. She is the daughter of Rolf, the original Viking, who made a deal with Charles the Simple, descendant of Charlemagne. Charles discovered it was better to settle Rolf in his own territory, about where Normandy is today, than to fight him.
Rolf’s Latinized name is Rollo. He is the great-great-great-grandfather of William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy and King of England. Rolf is the founder of the House of Normandy or the Normans.
Here’s a shorter version, with Bouchard’s table (above and Ralph V. Turner’s table. They track things a little differently, but they converge on William V, the Great.
Matthias Becher, Charlemagne, trans. David S. Bachrach (New Haven: Yale UP, 1999, 2003).
Tracy Borman, Queen of the Conqueror: The Life of Matilda, Wife of William (Bantam, 2011).
Constance B. Bouchard, “The Origins of the French Nobility: A Reassessment.” The American Historical Review vol. 86, no. 1, Feb 1981, 501-32.
—, Those of My Blood: Constructing Noble Families in Medieval Francia (U Penn P 2001)
Jim Bradbury, The Capetians: Kings of France (Continuum, 2007).
Marjorie Chibnall, The Normans (Blackwell, 2000).
Marios Costambeys, Matthew Innes, and Simon MacLean, the Carolingian World (Cambridge UP, 2011).
David Crouch, The Normans: The History of the Dynasty (Hambledon and London, 2002).
David C. Douglas, William the Conqueror: The Norman Impact upon England (UC P, 1964).
Ivan Gobry, Robert II: Fils de Hugues Capet, Histoire des Rois de France (Pygmalion, 2005).
C. Warren Hollister and Amanda Clark Frost, Henry I, Yale English Monarchs (Yale UP, 2001).
Margaret Howell, Eleanor of Provence: Queenship in Thirteenth-Century England (Blackwell, 1998, 2001).
Dan Jones, The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England (Penguin, 2012).
Jacquette Luquet-Juillet, Occitanie: Terre de fatalité, Tome 1: Seigneurs et Peuples (Paris: Editions Dervy, 1997).
Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, eds. William W. Kibler and Grover A. Zinn (New York: Garland, 1995).
John Carmi Parsons, Eleanor of Castile: Queen and Society in Thirteenth-Century England (St. Martin’s, 1995, 1998).
Michael Prestwich, Edward I, new ed. Yale Monarch series (Yale UP, 1997).
Pierre Riché, The Carolingians: A Family Who Forged Europe, trans. Michael Idormir Allen (U Penn P, 1993).
Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 volumes (Salt Lake: Published Privately, 2013).
W. L. Warren, King John, Yale Monarchs (Yale UP, 1961, 1978).
—. Warren, Henry II (Berkeley: University of California P, 1973).