Richard II, Duke of Normandy

He was the grandfather of William the Conqueror and as duke ruled Normandy from 996 to 1026. Richard’s son Richard III (the Conqueror’s uncle) is included in this post since he ruled only from 1026 to 1027, about twelve months.

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Genesis 1-11 in Its Ancient Religious Environment

It is unrealistic to expect that the ancient author of those chapters lived in a sound-proof bubble and was not influenced by his religious culture. He rejected some of it, but accepted elements. But which elements? And which criteria were decisive? Part 1 of 5 in a series on Gen. 1-11.

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Rolf or Rollo the Viking

Born in latter half of the 800s and died around 928, he was the Viking leader who became the count of Rouen, capital of Normandy. Some say he was the duke of the Normans. He was the first in the House of Normandy and the great-great-great-grandfather of William the Conqueror.

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Charles IV, the Handsome, King of France

The last and fourteenth king of the Capetian dynasty, he was nicknamed the Fair or Handsome because supposedly he was just that (le Bel in older French).  He was born in 1294 and reigned from 1322 to 1328. His first wife was accused of adultery. Would she survive?

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