James Monroe’s ancestors and family relations of Virginia

This post, using primary documents like wills, traces President Munroe’s ancestry back to the original immigrant, with other collateral families.

Some researchers say James descends from Scottish royalty. Here is one link:

https://www.amazon.com/James-Monroe-Ancestry-Thomas-Miller/dp/1542665167

I can neither confirm nor deny the researcher’s claim.

This post is divided into two parts:

  1. Raw Data
  2. James Monroe’s Ancestors

Most of these summaries and transcriptions have been modernized.

RAW DATA

Andrew Munro was the original immigrant to the New World.

Westmoreland County

Most of their lives were lived in Westmoreland County, but some documents are found in other counties.

8 June 1650

In the next excerpts, Andrew Monroe gets 200 acres for transporting four persons, by (not on) 8 June 1650. It looks like his son (or nephew or uncle) was one of those transported.

Andrew Monroe, 200 acres Northumberland Co., 8 June 1650, p. 225. Abutting N. E. upon a creek issuing out of Potomac Riv. dividing this from a neck of land late in possession of Thomas Sturman, S. E. upon land of John Hollows, Gentleman, S. W. upon a great Indian Path near Hallows Cr. Transportation of 4 persons: Andrew Monroe, Sarah Hungerford, Christian Bell, Richard Farmer.

Westmoreland County was formed out of Northumberland County in 1653. So it is possible that he did not have to move, but the new county formed under his feet. But more research is needed.

29 July 1652

Next, he gets 400 acres.

Andrew Monroe, 440 acres Northumberland Co., 29 Nov. 1652, p. 169. N. E. upon a Cr. issuing out of Potomac Riv. & S. E. upon his own plantation etc. Transporting of 9 persons William Long, James Brice, William James, George Dale, John Teagg, Edis Kleg, John Hodin, Wm. Brice, James Long.

27 Mar 1658

In the next except, it looks like there’s an Anthony Monroe, but it could be a clerical error and should read Andrew (clerical errors were common).

Richard Heaberd, 250 acres, Westmoreland Co., 27 Mar. 1658, p. 151, (220). S. Eastwardly upon Anthony Munroe’s Cr. & N. Ely. upon land patented by William Botham, now in possession of sd. Heaberd.

28 Jan 1662

In the next excerpt, it looks like Andrew Monroe lived next to timber land and “some plantable good land.” A creek was named after him—or he named the creek after himself.

James Pope, 1000 acres Westmoreland County, 28 Jan. 1662, p. 354, (373), near a creek commonly called Andrew Monroe’s Cr. at Appomattox, bounding E.N.E. upon land of Andrew Munroe, running from his Westward corner tree W.N.W. from the run etc. “including the timber land white oaks and others and some plantable good land.”

15 Jan 1661 (1662 by our dating)

Mary, the natural daughter of Elizabeth Monroe, was buried (Copy of Register of Christenings and Burials in Appomattox Parish in the County of Westmoreland p. 39 [37] in Dorman, Deeds and Wills, no. 1)

22 Apr 1668

Elizabeth Monroe, the relict of Andrew Monroe, unto my [____] and Susanna Monroe [marginal notation says to Elizabeth and Ann Monroe]. For natural love and affection, two year-old heifers marked with the mark of Andrew Monroe (cropped and two slits in the right ear and the left ear hole). Further unto Elizabeth Monroe the first mare foal that falls from my mare now running in the pasture known by the name of Button, but what females falls from her and her increase then to go to the rest of the children, Susanna, Andrew, George, and William Monroe until each of them have a mare foal, but in case horses fall in the interim from the mare then to revert to me. And when either Elizabeth or Susanna shall be married, then the cattle to be equally divided between them; signed Elizabeth Monroe; wits: Robert Knrse (?), John Washington; rec. 28 Aug 1668 (Deeds, Patents, etc. 1665-1677 pp. 23-23a)

30 July 1679

The estate of Andrew Monroe as divided amongst the children, that in case of the mortality of either of the children, his estate ought to descend to the surviving children in equal shares, and Bunch Roe who married Elizabeth, one of the surviving children of Andrew Monroe, sergeant, and Bunch Roe did arrest George Horner who married the relict and administratrix of Andrew Monroe for his part of George Monroe, one of the children’s estate, he being deceased, the court orders that Hormer make payment to Bunch Roe of his equal part of George Monroe’s estate (Order Book 1675/6-1688/9, Part Two, 1679-1682, p. 158)

26 Sep 1682

Andrew Monroe having arrived at full age and claiming possession of his estate and desiring order for the laying out of his mother’s thirds, the court orders that he have the possession of his estate and that the widow’s third be laid out by surveyor that is sworn and an able jurt of the neighborhood (Order Book 1675/6-1688/9, p. 264)

6 Feb 1693

Will of John Jordan

To son Alexander Spence’s daughter Dorcas, one negro boy Dick; to son Patrick Spence’s son Patrick, one negro boy Baker; to daughter ELEANOR MONROE’s daughter ELIZABETH, one negro girl Sue; to godson Jordan Weedon, one negro girl Nanny; son John Spence 25 acres of land; son Thomas Spence 2 negroes Mingo and Pegg, etc.; god-daughter Dorcas Sturman 5000 pounds of tobacco; sons John Sturman, ANDREW MONROE, and George Weedon; to Elizabeth Sturman: gold rings; Jane Hubbard £9; my wife Dorcas to be exec; probated 27 Jan 1696 (Wills and Deeds, no. 2)

25 Oct 1708

Will of Dorcas Jordan

Grandson Patrick Spence, son of Alexander Spence, Gentleman, decd., negroes old Bess and young Betty, daughter to Peggy; to Jordan Weedon, negro man Harry; To Mary weedon, sister to Jordan Weedon, now wife to the son of Bunch Roe, a negro man Jack; To Dorcas Stanford, daughter of my eldest daughter Elizabeth Sturman, two negroes Mingo and Pegg; to grandson Patrick Spence son of Patrick Spence, one negro man Prince; to daughter Jane Spence, one negro woman Rose; to my daughter Eleanor Monroe two part of my estate; thirteen grandchildren, and they are to get fifteen parts and Eleanor two part; she has estates in Virginia and England; three trusty friends 20 shillings to buy a ring, to wit: Mr. John Sturman, Mr. John Higgins, and Mr. Lawrence Pope, execs; and the like to Mr. William Manley; codicil: clothing and cloth to be divided between Mr. Wm Moxley; the two parts of my daughter to be divided amongst her children if she dies; Samuel Gray, clerk, Jemima Pope, Anna Sturman, Sr., and Anna Sturman, Jr., son-in-law John Sturman; wits: Thomas Fisher and Abraham Ethell; proved 24 Nov 1708 (Deeds and Wills, no. 4, pp. 162-63)

26 Mar 1712

Weedon et al. v. Monroe et al.: John Weedon, as intermarrying with Martha, one of the daughters of John Elliott, Gent., decd. preferred his petition against Andrew Monroe, Gent. And Sarah his wife, executrix of John Elliott, for that part of the estate of John Elliott, which to him of right did belong but for that he failed to make appear that any of the estate did appertain to him, the court does order the petition be dismissed and that Jordan Weedon pay costs als execution (Order Book 1709-1712 p. 181)

26 Aug 1713

Andrew Monroe, one of the coroner of this county, returned into court an inquest by him taken on the dead body of a stranger; ordered to be recorded (Order Book 1712-1714 p. 220a)

30 Dec 1713

Will of Andrew Monroe, Gentleman

Here’s the long version of his will. Below it is a summary.

Interestingly, he says he has land back in England, which indicates his father was the original immigrant.

Transcription begins:

Will of Andrew Monroe of Washington Parish.

Westmoreland County, Gent., being sick of body, dated 30 Xbr [Dec.] 1713.

Unto my son Spence Munroe my plantation whereon I now live, to begin at the spring branch on the upper side of my orchard to the road that leads over the head of the creek to my brother William Munroe’s and so along the said road to the head of the creek with all my land on the south side of the road line and branch, and for want of heirs to my son Andrew Munroe and his heirs, and for want of heirs to my daughter Susanna and the heirs lawfully begotten of her body and for want of such heirs to the next heir at law.

Unto my son Andrew Munroe all the remaining part of my land lying on the north side of the branch line and road between them and the creek, and for want of heirs to my son Spence Munroe, and for want of heirs to Andrew Munroe son to my brother William Munroe and his heirs and for want of such to the next heir at law.

My two sons shall have liberty to get timber on any part of my land for building houses on the land they possess by this will during their lives.

At the cost of my estate my executors build on my son Andrew’s part of land a forty foot tobacco house and dwelling house 24 foot long, 18 feet wide, plank it above and below and what else my executors think fit to bestow thereon both in the adding or finishing the house.

Unto my son Spence Munroe a Negro woman named Nell, which was given him by his grandmother Jordan, a young black unbroken horse, my silver hilted sword, my drum and a gold ring which was his mother’s, the posie [poesie or poetry] is this: In the[e] I find content of mind.

Unto my son Andrew Munroe a Negro woman named Betty which was given by his mother, and a sorrel horse he calls his.

Unto my daughter Elizabeth Arrington a feather bed in her possession. I lent it her when her house was burnt. I also give her 5000 pounds of tobacco to be paid her a year after my decease.

Unto my grandson John Arrington a young cow and her increase.

Unto my daughter Susanna Munroe one Negro boy called Will, two cows and two heifers of two or three years old, two young steers of two or three years old, a good feather bed, a bolster, two pillows, a rug, a pair of blankets, a pair of sheets and a pair of curtains and vallens, all of them new. Likewise a iron pot about .five or six gallons, two pewter dishes, a young gray mare branded on the buttock with TP wrong end downwards, and 10,000 pounds of tobacco, to be paid at her lawful age or day of marriage.

Unto my wife Sarah Munroe my horse bay Jockey, her saddle and bridle, the feather bed and bolster I now lie on, with a rug, blankets and sheets, the choice of one of my quilts and also the choice of my curtains and vallens.

To my son-in-law William Elliott my young black mare on the other side Mattox Creek branded with 0, and her increase.

Unto my daughter in law Sarah Elliott one iron grey mare.

Unto my daughter in law Eliza. Elliott a heifer of three or four years old and her increase.

To my executors each of them a mourning ring of 20 shillings price.

Unto my two sons my nine Negroes which are undisposed of, Tom, Dick, Jack, Sara, Harry, Phillip, Jeffrey, Jamey and Nanny to be equally divided between them when my son Spence shall arrive to the age of eighteen years.

My executors ship on the proper account and risque of my two sons ten hhds [hundreds]. of tobacco at the least this year and what more at any time they shall think fitting and the money raised by the tobacco be laid out in Negroes to be equally divided between my two sons if they have the opportunity to purchase them.

Unto Thomas Mustin my riding coat and his debt due to me.

The remaining part of my estate both here and in England to be equally divided between my two sons Spence Munroe and Andrew Munroe. My three children, Spence, Susanna and Andrew

Munroe be maintained, brought up and educated out of my estate until they are of age. My horses, mares, black cattle, sheep and hogs be kept on my plantation and my executors keep my plantations and houses in good repair and my Negroes to work and the profits shall be equally divided between my two sons. My two sons shall stand to the profits and loss of my estate as it shall please God to increase or decrease the same during their minority.

My two sons shall be of age when they shall attain to eighteen years to receive their estates but not to bargain, sell or any ways dispose of any part thereof until they come to 21 years without the consent of my executors.

My trusty friends Richard Watts and Charles Tyler and my loving brother William Munroe to be executors.

Andrew Munroe

Wit: Daniell Porten, Robert Lovell, Thomas Arrington.

26 May 1714. Presented into Court by Richard [Watts], Charles Tyler and William Munroe, his executors.

Transcription ends.

Here’s a summary of the above will:

Land to son Spence; brother William Monroe; son Andrew, land and negro woman; daughter Susannah Munroe, one negro boy, 2 cows, 2 steers, household furniture and 10,000 pounds of tobacco; to Andrew, son of my brother William, 1 horse, 1 featherbed and furniture; daughter Elizabeth Arrington and her son John, 1 cow, 1 featherbed and 5,000 pounds tobacco; and my wife Sarah; son-in-law William Elliott, 1 mare; daughters-in-law Elizabeth and Sarah Elliott, horse and cow; to Thomas Mustin, one coat; friends Charles Tyler and Richard Watts and brother William Monroe executors; son Spence, negro given him by his grandmother Jordan; to two sons 9 negroes; probated 2 June 1714 (Vol. V)

9 Aug 1715

Account of what was set apart from Mrs. Sarah Munro, items not valued; includes slaves Jack, Jamey, and Philip; signed John Pratt, Jr. Cha. Ashton, Andrew Harrison, Daniel Field; 11 Aug 1715 Received the above particulars of the executors of my deceased husband; signed Sarah Monroe; 27 July 1715, returned (Deeds and Wills No. 5, pp. 475-76)

15 Jan 1726

Will of Spence Munroe

Transcription begins:

IN THE NAME OF GOD, Amen. I SPENCE MUNROE of Washington Parish in the County of Westmoreland, being sick & weak in body but of a perfect sense & memory thanks be to Almighty God for the same, do make & ordain this to be my Last Will & Testament in manner and form following,

Imprimis, I surrender my Soul into the hands of Almighty God that gave it me and my body to the earth to be buried in a decent manner at the discretion of my Executor hereafter named; And as for my worldly Estate which God hath been pleased to bestow on me. I give & bequeath as followeth:

Item, I give & bequeath unto my Loving Wife one Negro girl named Sarah during her natural life and my Horse called Catt & two saddles & bridle;

Item, I give & bequeath unto my loving Brother, ANDREW MUNROE my Sword & Drum & all my wearing cloths lining & woolen;

Item, I give & bequeath unto the Child my Wife now goes with; if a Son all my Negroes except my Wife’s Thirds & all my personal Estate to be equally divided between my three Children; But if the Child should be a girl, which my Wife now goes with my will is that my Estate shall be equally divided amongst them;

And my will is that my loving Wife and my Brother ANDREW MUNROE to be my Executrix and Executor of this my Last Will & Testament, hereby revoking & disannulling all former Wills by me made, Given under my hand and seal this 15th day of January 1725/6

Signed sealed & acknowledged in the presence of us

JAMES HORE, SPENCE MUNROE

ANDREW MUNROE, SENR

The words “during her natural life” was interlined before the Will was signed

Westmoreland SS, At a Court held for the said County the 30th day of March 1726 The Last Will and Testament of SPENCE MUNROE, decd. was presented into Court by his Relict CHRISTIAN MUNROE, and his Brother, ANDREW MUNROE his Executors who made Oath thereto. And being proved by the Oath of JAMES HORE one of the witnesses thereto is admitted to Record, And upon the motion of the Executors and their performing what is usual in such cases. Certificate is granted them for obtaining a Probate thereof in due form

Test THO: SORRELL, Cl[erk]

Recordat 6th die Aprilis 1726 [Recorded 6th day of April 1726]

Transcription ends.

19 Nov 1727

Will of John Baker

To daughter Ann Davis (Davice), land leased to Thomas English and 2 years after her death to her husband Samuel Davis (Davice) and 2 years after her death to her husband Samuel Davis (Davice) and at his death to refall to my sons; sons Butler and John the rest of my land and if they die without issue to my daughters Mary and Rebecca; daughter SARAH MONROE, 10 shillings; wife residue of estate; probated 29 Mar 1728 (Vol. VIII)

22 Aug 1735

Andrew Monroe leases land to Nathaniel Gray, part of which is on Monroe’s Cr.; the next day Jane Monroe relinquishes her dower rights. In a bond of the same day Andrew is held firmly to Nathaniel Gray, and Jean Monroe authorizes said bond (Wills and Deeds 1723-1738268a-269a

30 Mar 1737

Will of William Monroe

Here’s s the long version. A summary is below.

Modernized transcription begins:

IN THE NAME OF GOD. Amen, I WILLIAM MONROE of the County of Westmorland in the Parish of Washington being sick and weak of body but of perfect sense and memory thanks be to almighty God and knowing that there is nothing more certain than death and nothing more uncertain than when or where do make and constitute this my Last Will and Testament as followeth; First and principally. I give my Soul into the hands of God my Creator in hopes of a sure and certain resurrection of the same and my body to be buried at the discretion of my Executor hereafter mentioned; And as for my worldly Estate which God hath been pleased to bestow on me. I give and bequeath as followeth;

Item, I give to my Loving Son THO MONROE the plantation he now lives on and all the appurtenances thereunto belonging to him and his heirs forever, I also give him one feather bed, one pro of sheets, one Blanket and one Rug, two pillows, one Bolster, two Flag red framed chairs and twenty five shillings;

Item, I give to my Grandson. THO MONROE one Cow and one Heifer of three years old;

Item, I give to my Grandson, SPENCE MONROE the half of my home tract of land beginning at the mouth of the Spring Branch and so up the Branch to the Ditch and from the Ditch to ( ) Path being the North part to him and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten; And for want of such heirs to go to his Brother ANDW MONROE and I also give to the aforesaid SPENCE one Negro about twelve years old, one Cow and Calf, one square ( ) and one Roan Colt.

Item, I give to my Grandson, ANDW MONROE one Negro about twelve years old, one feather bed, one pro of sheets, one blanket & Rug, two pillows, one Bolster, one Cow, and Calf and four sheep;

Item, I give to my Granddaughter JEAN MONROE twelve pounds current money to be paid her at the day of marriage or at the age of eighteen, one feather bed, one pro of sheets, one blanket, two pillows, one Rug, one Cow and Calf and one (B—-)

Item, I give to my Loving Son, GEORGE MONROE the Land he now ( ) it being part of

a parcel of land belonging to JAMES BOWCOCK to him and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten and for want to such heirs to go to my Grandson, GEORGE MONROE, Son of WILLIAM MONROE and his heirs, I also give to my Son, GEORGE three Negroes (vizt.) Toney, Cate and Joe, one feather bed, one old oval table, one Chest, two flag chairs, one thirty gallon Cask, one and half dozen quart bottles, one large jug, one large flower pot, one tea pot, one Cow two Cups;

Item, I give to my Loving Daughter, JEANE PAYNE one feather bed, one pr. of sheets, one Rug, one Blanket, one Bolster and two pillows, one Cow and Calf, two nag chairs with red framed, and twelve yds. of sheeting linen, one iron pot, one small tea table, one Cow, one framed looking glass and twenty five shillings;

Item, I give to my Grandson, DANIEL PAYNE one Negro boy called Ben;

Item, I give to my Daughter, SARAH STONE, one Negro man named Tom, one feather bed, one Quilt, one pr, of sheets, one bolster, one blanket and two pillows, one Cow and one hair trunk, one Chest and ten bushels of Indian Corn and twenty five shillings;

Item, I give to my Daughter MARY STONE, one Negro man named Jack, one mulatto girl named SARAH HILLAR, one Negro girl named Jenny, one cow and heifer of two years old, one iron pot and two flag chairs, one silk rug, one feather bed, one pair of sheets, one blanket and two pillows, one bolster, one chest, twelve yds sheeting linen, ten bushes of Indian Corn, one flower’d (   ) and twenty five shillings;

Item, I give to my Grandson, WM PAYNE, one small trunk and Heifer yearling;

Item I give to my Grandson, WM STONE one Heifer yearling;

Item. I give to my Loving Son WM. MONROE the remainder part of my house tract of land being the South part to him and his heirs forever as also five Negroes. (vizt.) Frank. Phillip, Robin, Nan and Sue and all the remainder part of my whole Estate.

It is my desire that my Son ANDREW MONROE’s Children, SPENCE, ANDREW and JEAN that all the Estate that I have given them may be kept in the hands of my Executor until they arrive to the age of eighteen meaning my Son WM. MONROE.

I constitute and appoint my Loving Son WM MONROE my whole and sole Executor of this my Last Will in case he should die then I appoint my Loving Son THOS MONROE to be my Executor. It is my desire my Estate not be appraised. It is my desire that the several legacies given may be delivered as soon as my Will is prov’d, except negroes Tom and Jack. My desire is that these two negroes finish their crops not exceeding the last of November, my Executor paying for their labour to their owners five hundred pounds of tobacco and five barrels of Indian Corn at the expiration of their time.

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and fix my seal this 30th day of March 1737

Sealed in the presents of ANDW MONROE, WM. PA [ink stain]E WM MONRO;

Westmoreland ss. At a Court held for the said County the 26th day of April 1737 This Last Will and Testament of WILLIAM MONROE, decd. was presented into Court by his Son WILLIAM MONROE his Executor in the said Will named, who made Oath thereto.

And being proved by the Oaths of the witnesses thereto is admitted to Record; And upon the motion of the said Executor and his performing what is usual in such cases. Certificate is granted him for obtaining a Probate thereof in due form; Test G. TURBERVlLE. C.C.W. Recorded the 29th day of Apri1 1737 pr, G.T. C.C.W.

Transcription ends.

Here’s the summary of the above will:

Son Thomas, land; grandson Thomas Monroe; grandson Spence and his brother Andrew Monroe; granddaughter Jane Monroe; son George; grandson George son of William Monroe; grandson Daniel Payne; Jeanne Payne; daughter Sarah Stone and Mary Stone; grandsons William Payne and William Stone; son Andrew Monroe’s children Spence, Andrew, and Jeanne; son William, exec; probated 26 Apr 1737 (Vol. VIII, no. 2)

3 Dec 1737

Will of Joseph Tyler

My plantation to my brother Benjamin Tyler; 1 servant to my sister Christian Munroe; 1 negro to cousin ELEANOR MUNROE; cousins SPENCE MUNROE and SARAH MUNROE, servants; cousin ANDREW MUNROE, 1 negro; friend James Lovell, one feather bed; friend Ann Harrison, 1 mare; residue of estate to brother William Tyler; probated 31 Jan 1737 (Vol. VIII)

6 Dec 1737

Will of Thomas Whiting

Daughters Molly, Sally, Nelly, and Lizzie, all estate; Mary, wife of Samuel Dishman, to have care of daughter Molly; ELIZABETH, wife of SPENCE MONROE, care of daughter Lizzie; Henry Roe, care of daughter Nelly; probated 28 Mar 1758 (Vol. XIII)

25 July 1739

Will of Sarah Monroe

Son John Elliott; daughter-in-law Sibella Elliott; grandson John Elliott, 1 negro boy; grandson Foxhall Sturman, 1 negro girl; grandson Spence Monroe, 12 shillings; to Mr. Wharton Ransdell, 3 shillings for pair of gloves; daughter Sarah Ransdell; my five grandchildren Elizabeth, Sarah, Martha Sturman; Thomas Ransdell and Sarah Elliott Ransdell; exec John Elliott; probated 27 Nov 1739; (Vol. IX)

24 Aug 1741

Citizens are called on to examine Jane Monroe, wife of Andrew Monroe, to ensure she relinquishes her dower rights in a lease and release dated 23 Aug 1735; the next day she relinquished her dower rights (Deeds and Wills no. 9, 1738-1744, pp. 184-85)

9 Feb 1741 (1742 by our dating)

James Bankhead and George Gray petition the court to divide the land of Spence Monroe, decd., because they intermarried with Monroe’s two daughters, Elender and Sarah (Deeds and Wills, no. 9 pp. 205-06)

29 Dec 1749

Will of Joseph Smith

His daughter Jemima Monroe gets one negro girl named Jeane; his wife Sarah; unnamed relation Augustine Goff; son Joseph Smith; son Samuel Smith, one negro boy named Rogger; son Gideon Smith, one negro girl named Moll and all her increase; wits: James Dishman, William Monroe, Richard (X) Arrowsmith; signed Joseph Smith; proved 29 Aug 1750 (Deeds and Wills 1749-1751 p. 99)

2 Feb 1749 (1750, by our dating)

Margaret Monroe appeared in court and swore that William Strother departed this life on 2 Feb 1749 and that his will was to divide the estate between his wife (Sarah) and children (Deeds and Wills Liber S. 1747-1753 pp. 100-01)

12 Aug 17__ (probably 1758-59)

Will of John Piper

Land and 5 negroes to daughter Rachel and her husband WILLIAM MONROE; son Jonathan, his wife Ann and their son John, 4000 acres of land and 4 negroes; son David, 5 negroes; son-in-law Thomas Muse and my daughter Ann his wife, 4 negroes; son William and my daughter Mary Piper, land whereon I now live and 4 negroes; youngest son Benjamin, land in Culpepper County; probated 25 Sep 1759 (Vol. XIII)

1 May 1769

Will of Andrew Monroe

Wife Margaret, £5, chair and horse and use of a room for a year; grandson Elliott Monroe, land in Loudon Co.; grandson John Monroe, land where my son John lived; four grandchildren John, Jane, Elizabeth, and Nancy Monroe; execs Dr. James Bankhead, John Ashton, and Spence Monroe; probated 27 Nov 1770 (Vol. XV)

12 Nov 1770

Will of George Monroe, Jr.

Wife Peggy; sons George, John, and William; daughter Mary, Sarah, and Ann; brother William Monroe; friend Spence Monroe, exec; probated 25 June 1771 (Vol. XV)

9 Mar 1772

Will of Thomas Monroe

Brothers Andrew and James; sisters Martha and Jane, residue after bequests to brothers; probated 28 Apr 1772 (Vol. XV)

16 Feb 1774

Will of Spence Monroe

Land to sons James and Spence; son-in-law William Buckner, 1 bed, riding chair; sons Andrew and Joseph Jones, rest of estate; daughter. Elizabeth Buckner, 3 negroes; brother-in-law Joseph Jones and James Bankhead, execs; no probate date (Vol. XVI)

7 Nov 1775

Will of George Monroe

Son William, a negro man and a negro boy; daughter Sarah Kitchen, 2 negroes and at her death to her daughter Sally; son Andrew, 2 negroes; son John 2 negroes; daughters Elizabeth, Mary, and Molly, 2 young negroes each; daughter-in-law Elizabeth Monroe, 1 negro during widowhood and at her death or marriage to granddaughters. Ann and Eliz. Monroe; probated 24 Sep 1776 (Vol. XVI)

19 Oct 1779

Will of Sarah Kitchen

To daughter sally, my dower in estate of Anthony Kitchen; brother WILLIAM MONROE, exec; probated 31 Oct 1780 (Vol. XVI)

2 Dec 1785

Will of Jemima Monroe

Dau Elizabeth Monroe ½ estate; son William, the other half; exec Benjamin Monroe; probated 25 Apr 1786 (Vol. XVII)

19 Jan 1798

Will of Elliott Monroe

Wife, one-fifth of estate for life; son Spence, one-fifth of estate; daughter Elizabeth, one-fifth; young son unbaptized, one-fifth; child unborn, one-fifth; probated 27 Jan 1800 (Vol. XX)

1 Mar 1798

Will of James Triplett

My children James, Charles, William, Jane, Catherine Triplett, and ELIZABETH MONROE; probated 28 Nov 1798 (Vol. XIX)

Fairfax County

28 July 1785

Will of John Monroe

Wife Sarah to get whole estate during her widowhood; she is to bind out his young sons to learn a trade or occupation; only son William is named; execs: Sarah Monroe, Edward Blackburn, William Monroe, and John Courts; probated 21 Sep 1785 (Fairfax Co. WB E, pp. 105-06)

31 Day 1792

Estate Account of John Monroe

Transcription begins:

The Estate of JOHN MUNROE in account with EDWARD BLACKBURN.. (some entries) .. Dr. cash paid Colonel PETER WAGENER on probit of the Will; paid JOHN FOWLER as per Judgment, paid JOHN MUIR as per Bond: ditto to RICHARD THOMPSON: ditto to JEREMIAH COCKERILL; ditto to RICHARD SIMPSON; ditto to CYRUS COPPER as per Replevy Bond and GEORGE SUMMERS deputy sheriff’s Rect.: ditto M. M. TALBOTT per bond; ditto RICHARD KELLER; ANDREW WALES; ditto paid EDWARD PAYNR per bond; paid Edward Payne as assignee of CHARLES WALLER as per note; paid RICHARD RATCLIFF; paid George Summers Sheriff per receipt; paid WILLIAM BUSHBY as per account; paid JOHN HARRISON Schoolmaster; paid ALEXANDER SMITH for bond lodged with the Clerk; paid WILLIAM D. BELL as per note; paid WILLIAM LEWIS as per proved account; Amount of your Note payable to CHAMP and RICHD. BLACKBURN; cash paid JOHN TAYLOR; paid THOMAS WOOD; paid MARTHA BOZWELL; paid JOHN HUNTER; paid ANDREW MONROE his share of crop Tobacco made 1785 @ 20/ per cvt the price sold the crop for; paid Negro Dick for making four pairs of shoes; paid for a quire of paper …oil to oil the leather; paid the printer for advertising the Estate for sale; two gallons of rum used at the sale; paid JOHN SMITH for crying the goods; Expenses traveling to and from Prince William County on business as Executor in 1786; ditto in Alexandria three days; cash in hands of Mrs. MUNROE Executrix of JOHN MONROE deceased for sundries purchased at the sale, Negro Let, ditto Phillis; to amount of sundries purchased by WILLIAM MONROE and paid to SARAH MONROE Executrix , Cr. By the amount of the sale of the Estate .. purchase of S Munroe Executrix. J. C.ROBERSON; THOMAS PALMER: per GEORGE SUMMERS; J. MAHUC. SPENCER MUNROE; W MUNROE; SAM.OLIVER; A. GRAYSON: W. SMITH; EALE OLIVER: J STONE; B. KING; JESSE OLIVER: R. GRAY; JOHN WREN; IZABELL MUNROE; THOS.W. COXEN; W. PRESGRAVES; J. CARROLL; G. WILLIAMS .. Fairfax County Set In Obedience to an order of the Court of the said County, we the Subscribers have examined the above account together with the vouchers and the oath of Mr. EDWARD BLACKBURN respecting his own transactions and find a balance in his hands due the Estate of Twenty two pounds Eleven shillings and six pence farthing this 31st day of August 1792. W. Payne; Charles Little; At Court continued and held for Fairfax County 18th September 1792 This Account was presented in Court by Edward Blackburn Executor who made oath thereto and the same being examined by the Court is allowed and ordered to be recorded. (Fairfax Co. WB F, 161-65)

Transcription ends.

Loudon County

7 Dec 1767

Will of George Monroe

Wife Phyllis Monroe; daughters Roseannah Monroe and Sarah Monroe; orphan child Margret Connor; Rev. Mr. Thompson, D.D., “will take in his care my two daughters and bring them up under his care and tuition and give them two years schooling and pay himself out of their part of the Estate.” Execs: the said Mr. Thompson and James Buckley; wits: Stephen Rozell, George [X] Monroe, James Buckley, Joshua Duncan; probated 13 July 1769 and proved by Clater (sic) Smith and Thomas Lewis; widow and relict, Phyllis renounced all benefits of the estate. (Loudon Co. WB A, pp. 218-19)

JAMES MONROE’S ANCESTORS

Sifting through all the above documents, it works out like this:

Andrew → Andrew → Spence → Spence → James

(1) Andrew Monroe and Elizabeth

He received a patent in Northumberland County on 8 June 1650. He married Elizabeth, and several researchers say, without citing a source, her family name was Alexander.

Here is the document that says who his children were:

22 Apr 1668

… Elizabeth Monroe, the relict of Andrew Monroe … rest of the children, Susanna, Andrew, George [died young], and William Monroe ….

We know he died before that date.

(2) Andrew Monroe and (1) Eleanor Jordan and (2) then Sarah

Andrew says in his will that his son Spence has a grandmother named Jordan.

Here’s the record that says his first wife is Eleanor Jordan:

6 Feb 1693

Will of John Jordan

To son Alexander Spence’s daughter Dorcas, one negro boy; to son Patrick Spence’s son Patrick, one negro boy; to daughter Eleanor Monroe’s daughter Elizabeth, one negro girl; to godson Jordan Weedon, one negro girl; son John Spence 25 acres of land; son Thomas Spence 2 negroes etc.; god-daughter Dorcas Sturman 5000 pounds of tobacco; sons-[in-law] John Sturman, Andrew Monroe, and George Weedon; to Elizabeth Sturman: gold rings; Jane Hubbard £9; my wife Dorcas to be exec; probated 27 Jan 1696 (Vol. II)

The long version of his long will (above) implies that his children’s mother is Eleanor and Sarah is their stepmother. Deed and will records indeed say he was a judge.

Here’s Judge Andrew’s will abstract:

30 Dec 1713

Land to son Spence; brother William Monroe; son Andrew, land and negro woman; daughter Susannah Munroe, one negro boy, 2 cows, 2 steers, household furniture and 10,000 pounds of tobacco; to Andrew, son of my brother William, 1 horse, 1 featherbed and furniture; daughter Elizabeth Arrington and her son John, 1 cow, 1 featherbed and 5,000 pounds tobacco; and my wife Sarah; son-in-law William Elliott, 1 mare; daughters-in-law Elizabeth and Sarah Elliott, horse and cow; to Thomas Mustin, one coat; friends Charles Tyler and Richard Watts and brother William Monroe executors; son Spence, negro given him by his grandmother Jordan; to two sons 9 negroes; probated 2 June 1714 (Vol. V)

(3) Spence Monroe and Christian Tyler

Here’s the relevant passage from his will:

15 Jan 1726

…. Item, I give & bequeath unto the Child my Wife now goes with; if a Son all my Negroes except my Wife’s Thirds & all my personal Estate to be equally divided between my three Children; But if the Child should be a girl, which my Wife now goes with my will is that my Estate shall be equally divided amongst them;

Apparently, the next Spence is hidden in the phrase “my three children.” I looked for deed records that show Spence Sr. selling or gifting land to Spence Jr., but they have not been transcribed, probably because they no longer exist (or never existed).

He died before 6 April 1726, when his will was proved by his wife Christian.

(4) Spence Monroe and Elizabeth Jones

The will does not name his wife Elizabeth. Here’s an abstract:

16 Feb 1774

Land to sons James and Spence; son-in-law William Buckner, 1 bed, riding chair; sons Andrew and Joseph Jones, rest of estate; daughter. Elizabeth Buckner, 3 negroes; brothers-in-law Joseph Jones and James Bankhead, execs; no probate date (Vol. XVI)

The James in bold is the future President James Munroe.

Once again, this researcher says James descends from Scottish kings.

https://www.amazon.com/James-Monroe-Ancestry-Thomas-Miller/dp/1542665167

And once again I can neither confirm or deny his claim (I hope it’s true).

RELATED POSTS

George Washington’s Royal Lineage

Thomas Jefferson’s Ancestry and Royal Lineage

Gateway Ancestors of Virginia

Gateway Ancestors of the Middle Colonies

Gateway Ancestors of the Northeast

Members of Virginia House of Burgesses 1619 to 1660

SOURCES

John Frederick Dorman, Westmoreland County, Virginia, Deeds and Wills no. 2, 1691-1699 (Washington, D.C.: Privately published, 1965)

—, Westmoreland County, Virginia, Deeds, Patents, Etc. 1665-1677, Part 1 with Records, 1664-1665, from Deeds and Wills no. 1, 1653-1671 (Washington, D.C.: Privately published, 1973)

—, Westmoreland County, Virginia, Deeds, Patents, etc. 1665-1677, Part 4, 1707-1709 (Washington, D.C.: Privately published, 1975)

—, Westmoreland County, Virginia, Order Book 1675/6-1688/9, Part Two, 1679-1682 (Washington, D.C.: Privately published, 1983)

—, Westmoreland Count, Virginia, Order Book 1675/6-1788/9, Part Three 1682-1684 (Washington, D.C.: Privately published, 1985)

—, Westmoreland County, Virginia, Deeds and Wills, no. 5, 1712-1716 (Washington, D.C.: Privately published, 1989)

Augusta B. Fothergill, Wills of Westmoreland County, Virginia, 1654-1800 (Richmond: Clearfield, 1925; Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1973, 1990, 1999, 2003)

Nell Marion Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, 1623-1800, vol. 1 (Richmond: Dietz Printing, 1934)

Ruth and Sam Sparacio, Virginia County Court Records, Fairfax County Will Book E (McLean, VA: Antient P, n.d.)

—, Virginia County Court Records, Loudon County Will Book A (McLean, VA: Antient P, 1988)

—, Virginia County Court Records, Fairfax County, Will Book F, (Mclean, VA: Antient P, 1988)

—, Virginia County Court Records Deed and Will Abstracts of Westmoreland County, Virginia, Deed and Will Book no. 8, 1723-1738 (McLean: Antient P, 1994)

—, Virginia County Court Records, Deed and Will Abstracts of Westmoreland County, Virginia, no. 9, 1738-1744 (McLean, VA: Antient P, 1995).

—, Virginia County Court Records, Deed and Will Abstracts of Westmoreland County, Virginia, 1749-51 (McLean, VA: Antient P, 1996)

—, Virginia County Court Records, Westmoreland County, Virginia, Orders 1709-1712 (McLean, VA Antient P, 1998)

—, Virginia County Court Records, Westmoreland County, Virginia, Orders 1712-1714 (McLean, VA Antient P, 1998)

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