This post has the last wills and testaments of John, Lawrence, and Augustine: his great-grandfather, grandfather, and father. They are royal gateway ancestors. That is, they descend from royalty many generations back and then John moved to America.
For George Washington and his ancestors’ lineage back to King John, please click on this link:
In these three wills, George’s direct ancestors are put in bold font.
First Generation: John Washington
Westmoreland County, Virginia
Will written: 21 September 1675
Probated: January 1678
Wife: Ann Washington
Father-in-law: [Nathaniel] Pope
Children: Lawrence, John, and Ann
Brothers: Lawrence and brother-in-law Thomas Pope (John and his brother Lawrence got along well);
Sister: Martha Washington, either recently arrived or about to arrive in Virginia, and her way had to be paid
Nephew: John Washington
Godson: Lawrence Washington
Interesting feature: He gave the Ten Commandments and the King’s arms to the church in Washington Parish, indicating he had bought them and hanged them up in the church.
The King’s arms indicates he very deeply connected to his roots back home in England.
Modernized transcription begins:
Will of JOHN WASHINGTON, of Washington Parish in the County of Westmoreland, Gent., dated 21 7ber [Sept.] 1675.
My body to be buried on the plantation where I now live by the side of my wife that is already buried and two children of mine.
Unto my oldest son [ ] that seat of land whereon HENRY FLAGG [ ] JOHN WATTS and ROBERT HEDGES being by patent 706 [?] acres being by my father[-in-law] POPE made over to me.
Unto my son LAWRENCE WASHINGTON my Mattox mill and land belonging to it at the head of Rosier’s Creek, reserving to my wife her thirds during her life.
Unto my son LAWRENCE WASHINGTON that seat of land which I bought of LEWIS MARCARM [?], being about 250 acres at the mouth of Rosier’s Creek on the north side with all the housing, reserving to my wife her thirds during her life.
Unto my son LAWRENCE WASHINGTON that seat of land at Upper Machotick, which I bought of MR. ANTHONY BRIDGES and MR. JOHN ROSIER, being about 900 acres reserving to my wife her thirds during her life.
Unto my son LAWRENCE WASHINGTON my half share of 5000 acres in Stafford County which is betwixt Col. NICHOLAS SPENCER and myself which we engaged that there shall be no benefit taken by survivorship.
Unto my son JOHN WASHINGTON that plantation where on I now live which I bought of DAVID ANDERSON [Andrewson in recorded copy] that plantation next to MR. JOHN FOXHALL that I bought (which was RIC. HILL’s ) and the seat of land of about 400 acres upon the head of Rappahannock Creek adjoining upon DAVID NORWAY’s orphans’ land, the land being formerly JOHN WHITSTON’s and sold to me, reserving to my wife her thirds during her life.
Unto my son JOHN WASHINGTON that seat of land which ROBERT FOSTER now lives on, being about 300 acres. Likewise unto my son JOHN WASHINGTON that seat of land which ROBERT RICHARDS lives on which I had of my brother LAWRENCE WASHINGTON, being about 350 acres, reserving [returning in recorded copy] to my wife her thirds during her life.
Unto my daughter ANN WASHINGTON that seat of land that THO. JORDAN now lives on, being about 1200 acres, likewise that tract of where JOHN FREIR [?] now lives, being about 1400 acres after MR. FRIKE has his quantity out of it, reserving to my wife her thirds during her life.
Unto my said daughter which was her mother’s desire and my promise that sash in the new parlour and the diamond ring and her mother’s rings and the white quilt and curtains and vallians;
As for the [rest of my personal estate] after my debts and dues are satisfied which I desire should be satisfied out of my crops which I do not question but will be far more than I do owe, my estate should not come to any appraisement but I order that there shall be a just inventory and list taken of my personal estate to be divided by those men of judgment which I request the Court to nominate, into four parts to be equally divided, one fourth part to my loving wife in kind in lieu of her dower, and one fourth part to my son LAWRENCE WASHINGTON in kind, and one fourth part to my son JOHN WASHINGTON in kind, and one fourth part to my daughter ANN WASHINGTON in kind. If either of my children should happen to die before they attain the age of one and twenty years or days of marriage, then the land of that child to be the eldest son then living. As to the personal estate, if any of my three children should die then the two surviving children should equally divide the personal estate betwixt them.
After all my legacies paid, money I shall have in England to my son LAWRENCE.
My desire is that there may be a funeral sermon preached in the church and that there be no other funeral kept [ ] four thousand pounds of tobacco.
Unto the Lower Church of Washington Parish the Ten Commandments and the King’s Arms which is my desire should be sent for out of what money I have in England.
Unto my Bro. LAWRENCE WASHINGTON 4000 pounds of tobacco.
Unto my nephew JOHN WASHINGTON my Godson [ ] LAWRENCE WASHINGTON, one young mare of two years old.
When my estate is divided into four equal part and my wife hath taken her fourth part, every child’s part should be put in [ ] to be managed to the best advantage for the bringing up and educating each child.
My wife should have the bringing up of my daughter ANN WASHINGTON until my son LAWRENCE comes to age or her day of marriage and my wife for to have the management of part to my daughter’s best advantage.
Unto my bro[-in-law] THOMAS POPE ten pounds out of the money I have in England.
Unto my sister MARTHEW [MARTHA] WASHINGTON ten pounds out of that money I have in England and whatsoever else she shall be owing to me for transporting herself into this country and a year’s accommodation after her coming in and four thousand pound tobacco.
My bro[-in-law] MR. THOMAS POPE have the bringing up of my son JOHN WASHINGTON and to have the management of his estate to my son’s best advantage until he be of age of one and twenty years or day of marriage.
My Bro. MR. LAWRENCE WASHINGTON and my son LAWRENCE WASHINGTON and my loving wife MRS. ANN WASHINGTON, executors.
[signed] JOHN WASHINGTON
Wit: JOHN LORD, JOHN APPLETON
11 Jan. 1677 . Proved by CAPT. JNO. LORD, CAPT. JOHN APPLETON, being deceased.
Deeds, Patents, Etc. 1665-1677, pp. 365a-376
Second Generation: Lawrence Washington, Gentleman
Westmoreland County, Virginia
Will written: 11 March 1697/8 (1698 by our modern dating)
Probated: 30 March 1698
Wife: Mildred Washington
Sons: John and Augustin
Daughter: Mildred Washington
Sisters and Brother-in-law: Lewis (sic), Ann Wright and Francis Wright
Cousin: John Washington, Sr. of Stafford County
Godsons: Lawrence Butler, Lewis Nichols, Lawrence Washington
Interesting features: He donates a pulpit cloth and cushions to the upper and lower churches of Washington Parish; he requests a funeral sermon at the church and no other funeral [expenses] to exceed 3000 pounds of tobacco; his estate should not be appraised.
Modernized transcription begins:
Will of LAURENCE WASHINGTON of Washington Parish in the County of Westmoreland in Virginia, Gentleman,
Dated 11 March 1697/8.
My body to be buried, if please God I depart in this county of Westmoreland, by the side of my father and mother and near my brothers and sisters and my children.
To my well beloved friends MR. WILLIAM THOMPSON, Clerk, and MR. SAMUEL THOMPSON each of them a mourning ring of thirty shillings value each ring.
To my Godson LAURENCE BUTLER one young mare and two cows.
To my sister ANN WRIGHT’s children one man servant price of four or five years to serve, or 3000 pounds of tobacco to purchase the same, to be delivered or paid when they arrive to the age of twenty years old.
To my sister LEWIS (sic) a mourning ring of forty shillings price.
To my cousin JOHN WASHINGTON Senr. of Stafford County all my wearing apparel.
Unto my cousin JOHN WASHINGTON’S eldest son LAWRENCE WASHINGTON my Godson, one man servant four or five years to serve or 3000 pounds of tobacco to purchase the same, when he comes to the age of twenty one years old.
To my Godsons LAURENCE BUTLER and LEWIS NICHOLAS that tract joining upon MERIDACK EDWARDS and DANIEL WHITE being 275 acres, to be equally divided between. them.
To the upper and lower churches of Washington Parish each of them a pulpit cloth and cushion.
It is my Will to have a funeral sermon at the church and to have none other funeral to exceed 3000 pounds of tobacco.
My personal estate be equally divided into four parts, my loving wife MILDRED WASHINGTON to have one part, my son JOHN WASHINGTON to have another part, my son AUGUSTIN WASHINGTON to have another part and my daughter MILDRED WASHINGTON to have the other part, to be delivered in specie when they come to the age of twenty one years old.
To my son JOHN WASHINGTON the seat of land where I now live and that whole tract lying from the mouth of Machodack, extending to a place called the round hill, with the addition I have thereunto made of WILLIAM WEBB and WILLIAM RUSH.
Unto my son AUGUSTIN WASHINGTON all the dividend of land that I bought of MR. ROBERT LISSON’s children in England, lying in Mattox between my brother and MR. Baldridge’s land, where MR. DANIEL LISSON formerly [sic] lived, by estimation 400 acres as likewise that land that Was MR. RICHARD HILL’s.
Unto my said son AUGUSTIN WASHINGTON all that tract of land where MR. LEWIS MARKHAM now lives after the said Markham’s and his now wife’s decease, by estimation 700 acres.
My daughter MILDRED WASHINGTON all my land in Stafford County, lying upon Hunting Creek, where MRS. ELIZABETH MINTON and MRS. WILLIAMS now lives, by estimation 2500 acres.
My water mill to my son JOHN WASHINGTON.
If either of my children should die before they come to age or day of marriage, his or her personal estate be equally divided between the two survivors and their mother. If all my children should die, my brother’s children shall enjoy all their estate real, except the land that I bought of MR. ROBERT LISSON’s children, which I give to my loving wife. I give my personal estate in case of all my children’s death, to be equally divided between my wife and brother’s children, my
wife to have the one half that land which I bought of my brother FRANCIS WRIGHT, being 200 acres lying near Stork’s quarter to my son JOHN WASHINGTON.
My estate should not be appraised.
My children to continue under the care and tuition of their mother till they come of age or day of marriage, and she to have the profits of their estates towards the bringing of them up and keeping them at school.
My cousin JOHN WASHINGTON of Stafford and my friend MR. SAMUEL THOMPSON my executors and my loving Wife MILDRED WASHINGTON my executrix.
[Signed] LAURENCE WASHINGTON
Wit: ROBT. REDMAN, GEORGE WEEDON, THOMAS HOWES, JOHN ROSIER
30 April 1698. Proved by GEORGE WEEDON, THOMAS HOWES and JOHN ROSIER. Probate granted to SAMUEL THOMPSON, Gent.
28 March 1698. MRS. ANN WASHINGTON, widow and relict of CAPT. JOHN WASHINGTON of Westmoreland County, deceased, appoint my trusty and well beloved friend Mr. CALEB BUTLER of said county attorney to recover of all persons within this Colony of Virginia or Province of Maryland money or tobacco due to me.
[Signed] ANN WASHINGTON
Wit: THOMAS HOWES, HENRY WICKEFF
30 March 1698. Proved by the witnesses
Deeds and Wills no. 2, 1691-1699, pp. 133-134a
Third Generation: Augustine Washington
King George County, Virginia
Will written: 11 April 1743
Probated: 6 May 1743
Sons: Lawrence Washington, Augustine Washington, George Washington, Samuel Washington, John Washington, Charles Washington
George became the first president.
Daughter: Betty (under 18)
Named slaves: Frank, Ned, Jack, Bob, Sue, Lucy, Mary (daughter of Sue), Betty (daughter of Judy); no doubt these were the personal servants of the family
Interesting features: He owned iron works in Virginia and Maryland; George gets property in Fredericksburg;
Modernized transcription begins:
In the Name of God Amen. I AUGUSTINE WASHINGTON of the County of King George, Gent., being sick and weak but of perfect and disposing sense and memory do make my last Will & Testament in manner following hereby revoking all former will or wills whatsoever by me heretofore made.
Imprimis: I give unto my son LAWRENCE WASHINGTON and his heirs forever all that plantation and tract of land at Hunting Creek in the County of Prince William containing by estimation Two Thousand Five Hundred acres with the water mill adjoining thereto or lying near the same and all the slaves, cattle and stocks of all kinds whatsoever and all the household furniture whatsoever now in and upon or which have been commonly possessed by my said son together with the said plantation, tract of land and mill.
Item: I give unto my son AUGUSTINE WASHINGTON and his heirs forever all my lands in the County of Westmoreland except such only as are herein after otherwise disposed of, together with twenty-five head of neat cattle, forty hogs and twenty sheep and a Negro man named FRANK besides those Negroes formerly given him by his Mother.
Item: I give unto my said son AUGUSTINE WASHINGTON three young working slaves to be purchased for him out of the first profits of the Iron Works after my decease.
Item: I give unto my son GEORGE WASHINGTON and his heirs the land I now live on which I purchased of the Executrix of Mr. WILLIAM STROTHER, deceased, and one moiety of my land lying on Deep Run and ten Negro slaves.
Item: I give unto my son SAMUEL WASHINGTON and his heirs my land at Chotank in the County of Stafford containing about Six Hundred acres and also the other moiety of my land lying on Deep Run.
Item: I give unto my son JOHN WASHINGTON and his heirs my land at the head of Maddox in the County of Westmoreland containing about Seven Hundred acres.
Item: I give unto my son CHARLES WASHINGTON and his heirs the land I purchased of my son LAWRENCE WASHINGTON (whereon THOMAS LEWIS now lives) adjoining to my said son LAWRENCE’s land above devised. I also give unto my said son CHARLES and his heirs the land I purchased of GABRIEL ADAMS in the County of Prince William containing about Seven Hundred acres.
Item: It is my Will and Desire that all the rest of my Negroes not herein particularly devised may be equally divided between my Wife and my three sons SAMUEL, JOHN and CHARLES and that NED, JACK, BOB, SUE and LUCY may be included in my Wife’s part, which part of my said wife after her decease I desire may be equally divided between my sons GEORGE, SAMUEL, JOHN & CHARLES and the part of my said Negroes so devised to my wife I mean and intend to be in full satisfaction and lieu of her Dower in my Negroes, but if she should insist notwithstanding on her Right of Dower in my Negroes, I will and desire that so many as may be wanting to make up her share may be taken out of the Negroes given to my sons GEORGE, SAMUEL, JOHN and CHARLES.
Item: I give and bequeath unto my said Wife and my four sons GEORGE, SAMUEL, JOHN and CHARLES all the rest of my personal estate to be equally divided between them which is not particularly bequeathed by this my will. And it is my will and desire that my said four sons estates may be kept in my wife’s hands until they respectively attain the age of twenty-one years in case my said wife continues so long unmarried, but in case she should happen to marry before that time, I desire it may be in the power of my Executors to oblige her husband from time to time as they shall think proper to give security for the performance of this my last will in paying and delivering my said four sons their estates respectively as they come of age, or on failure to give such security to take my said sons and their estates out of the custody and tuition of my said wife and her husband.
Item: I give and bequeath unto my said Wife the crops made at Bridge Creek, Chotank and Rappahannock Quarters at the time of my decease for the support of herself and her children and I desire my wife may have the liberty of working my land at Bridge Creek Quarter for the term of five years next after my decease during which time she may fix a Quarter on Deep Run.
Item: I give to my son LAWRENCE WASHINGTON and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten that tract of land I purchased of Mr. JAMES HORE [sic] adjoining to the said LAWRENCE WASHINGTON’s land on Mattox in the County of Westmoreland which I give him in lieu of the land my said son bought for me in Prince William County of SPENCER and HARRISON and for want of such heirs I give and devise the same to my son AUGUSTINE and his heirs forever.
Item: I give to my said son LAWRENCE all the right title and interest I have to in or out of the Iron Works in which I am concerned in Virginia and Maryland provided that he do and shall out
of the profits raised thereby purchase for my said son AUGUSTINE three young working slaves as I have herein before directed, and also paying my daughter BETTY when she arrives to the age of eighteen the sum of Four Hundred Pounds, which right, title and interest on the condition aforesaid I give to my said son LAWRENCE and his heirs forever.
Item: I give unto my said daughter BETTY a Negro child named MARY, daughter of SUE, and another named BETTY, daughter of JUDY.
Item: It is my will and desire that my sons LAWRENCE and AUGUSTINE do pay out of the respective estates devised to them one half or moiety of the debts I justly owe and for that purpose I give and bequeath unto my said two sons one half of the debts due and owing to me.
Item: For as much as my several children in this my will mentioned being by several ventures cannot inherit from one another in order to make a proper provision against their dying without issue, it is my will and desire that in case my son LAWRENCE should die without heirs of his body lawfully begotten, that then the land and mill given him by this my will lying in the County of Prince William shall go and remain to my son GEORGE and his heirs;
But in case my son AUGUSTINE should choose to have the said lands rather than the lands he holds in Maddox either by this will or any settlement, then I give and devise the said lands in Prince William to my son AUGUSTINE and his heirs on his conveying the said lands in Maddox to my son GEORGE and his heirs.
And in case my said son AUGUSTINE shall happen to die without issue of his body lawfully begotten, then I give and bequeath all the said lands by him held in Maddox to my said son GEORGE and his heirs.
And if both my sons LAWRENCE and AUGUSTINE should happen to die without issue of their several bodies begotten then my will and desire is that my son GEORGE and his heirs may have his and their choice either to have the lands of my son LAWRENCE or the lands of my son AUGUSTINE to hold to him and his heirs and the land of such of my said sons LAWRENCE or AUGUSTINE as shall not be so chosen by my son GEORGE or his heirs shall go to and be equally divided among my sons SAMUEL, JOHN and CHARLES and their heirs share and share alike.
And in case my son GEORGE by the death of both or either of my sons LAWRENCE and AUGUSTINE should according to this my intention come to be possessed of either of their lands then my will and desire is that ye [the] land hereby devised to my said son GEORGE and his heirs should go over and be equally divided between my sons SAMUEL and JOHN [the court scribe unquestionably omitted Charles here] and their heirs, share and share alike.
And in case all my children by my present Wife should happen to die without issue of their bodies then my will and desire is that all the lands by this my will devised to any of my said children should go to my sons AUGUSTINE and LAWRENCE if living and to their heirs or if one of them should be dead without issue then to the survivor and his heirs.
But my true intent and meaning is that each of my children by my present Wife may have their lands in fee simple upon the contingency of their arriving at full age or leaving heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten or on their dying under age and without lawful issue their several parts to descend from one to another according to their course of descents and the remainder over of their or any of their land in this clause mentioned to my sons LAWRENCE and AUGUSTINE or the survivor of them is only upon the contingency of all my said children by my present Wife dying under age and without issue living my sons LAWRENCE and AUGUSTINE or either of them.
Lastly I constitute and appoint my son LAWRENCE WASHINGTON and my good friends DANIEL McCARTY and NATHANIEL CHAPMAN, Gent., executors of this my Last Will and Testament.
In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the Eleventh day of April 1743
Signed Sealed & Published in the Presence of us
Provided further that if my lands at Chotank devised to my son SAMUEL should by course of law be taken away then I give to the said SAMUEL in lieu thereof a tract of land in Westmoreland County where BENJAMIN WEEKS and THOMAS FINCH now live by estimation Seven Hundred acres.
Item: I bequeath to my son GEORGE one lot of land in the Town of Fredericksburg which I purchased of Col. JOHN WALLER; also two other lots in the said Town which I purchased of the Executors of Col. HENRY WILLIS with all the houses and appurtenances thereunto belonging.
And Whereas some proposals have been made by Mr. ANTHONY STROTHER for purchasing a piece of land where MATTHEW TIFFY lately lived, now if my Executors shall think it for the benefit of my son GEORGE then I hereby empower them to make a conveyance of the said land and premises to the said STROTHER.
In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the Eleventh day of April 1743.
[Signed] AUGUS. WASHINGTON *Seal*
At a Court held for King George County the 6th day of May 1743.
The Last Will & Testament of AUGUSTINE WASHINTON, Gent: was presented into Court by LAWRENCE WASHINTON one of his Executors who made oath thereto and the same was proved by the oath of ANTHONY STROTHER and JAMES THOMPSON and admitted to record.
Cop ‘a Test:
HARRY TURNER Cl: Cur:
Will Book A-I, pp. 156-61
Fourth Generation: George Washington
See his own post, here:
King John (George Washington descends from King John)
John Frederick Dorman, Westmoreland County, Virginia, Deeds and Wills No. 2, 1691-1699 (Washington: privately published, 1965)
—, Westmoreland County, Virginia, Deeds, Patents, etc. 1665-1677, Part 4, to which is appended Westmoreland County, Virginia, Deeds & Wills No. 4, 1707-1709 (Washington: privately published, 1975)
George Harrison Sanford King, King George County, Virginia, Will Book A-I, 1721-1752, and Miscellaneous Notes (Fredericksburg: privately published, 1978)